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Human Nature In Macbeth

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´╗┐Human Nature In Macbeth William Shakespeare?s Macbeth explores human nature, in particular the ambition of his main character Macbeth. Macbeth makes ill-fated decisions based upon ambitions to become King and retain that position. So throughout the play, Macbeth?s ambition clouds his judgment, which leads to eventual death. Although his fate is inexorable, Macbeth uses his ambition to fuel his evil intentions. This undertaking is the drive that seals Macbeth?s fate. At the beginning of 1.3 Macbeth?s ambition leads him to hear his fate given to him by the three witches: Stay, you imperfect speakers, tell me more. By Sinel?s death I know I am Thane of Galmis, But how of Cawdor? The Thane of Cawdor lives, A prosperous gentleman, and to be King Stands not within the prospect of belief, No more than to be Cawdor. Say from whence You owe this strange intelligence? Or why Upon this blasted heath you stop our way With such prophetic greeting? Speak, I charge you. (1. 3. 70-78) Immediately one can see that Macbeth wanted to hear the witches? prophecies and not that he was forced to hear them. According to Harold Bloom in his book Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human ?The witchcraft in Macbeth, though persuasive, cannot alter material events, yet hallucination can and does? (516). ...read more.


He is unable to conceive a male heir with his wife Lady Macbeth and begins to ponder about Banquo?s issue saying, ?To make them kings-the seed of Banquo kings! / Rather than so, come, Fate, into the list, / And champion me to utterance! ?? (3. 1. 70-72). Here, Macbeth formally states that he will go against fate, which as stated is inexorable or unchangeable. At this very moment, Macbeth has just sealed his fate, by trying to defy anothers. Shortly after, Macbeth claims the throne through the murder of King Duncan. Clouded in his own personal goals, Macbeth attempts to go against the prophecy given to Banquo: ? And with him- To leave no rubs nor botches in the work- Fleance his son, that keeps him company, Whose absence is no less material to me Than is his father?s must embrace the fate Of that dark hour. ? (3. 1. 133-138) At this point, Macbeth plots the murders of Banquo and his son Fleance, in order to stop Banquo?s issue from becoming heirs to Macbeth?s throne as prophesized by the three witches. He states he will leave no remnants of Banquo?s bloodline in order to stop that prophecy from becoming true. Macbeth?s ambition to remain King and do what he sees fit only further affirms his very own demise. ...read more.


Perhaps if his ambition to be the best and the King of Scotland has not overtaken his better decision-making abilities, he would not have been damned to hell for murder, but he wouldn?t be slain for treason as well. Finally in his last action Macbeth makes one last charge toward Macduff despite the fact that all signs are pointing to his death and demise: Though Birnam Wood be come to Dunsinance, And thou opposed, being of no woman born, Yet I will try the last. Before my body I throw my warlike shield. Lay on, Macduff, And damned be him that first cries ?Hold, enough!? (5. 8. 30-34) Macbeth knows there is no coming back from his mistakes and decides to go out in a valiant clash of metal swords. Macbeth is slain, and Macduff is the hero. It is impossible to assume that Macbeth would have done anything different had he known Macduff would kill him because it is part of Macbeth?s human nature. In closing, Wendy Greenhill, in her book Shakespeare: Man of the Theater concludes that, ?As the play unfolds the audience and with the Macbeths, become painfully aware that destiny and choice are two edges of the same sword? (18). In one aspect of human nature, ambition was able to take a once noble hero, and transform him into a ruthless King that sealed his own fate by following clouded judgment. ...read more.

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