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I am going to compare the differences and similarities between, the opening chapter of a nineteenth century novel called 'Great Expectations' written by Charles Dickens, and a modern short story called 'The Darkness Out There' written by Penelope Lively.

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Abdul Khan W3 ???? July 2001 Wide Reading In this essay I am going to compare the differences and similarities between, the opening chapter of a nineteenth century novel called 'Great Expectations' written by Charles Dickens, and a modern short story called 'The Darkness Out There' written by Penelope Lively. Great Expectations is a child-hood memory, told by an adult. The story is about a young orphan called Pip, who lived with his sister, and his brother in law who is the town's blacksmith. Pip does a good deed one night for a convict who has escaped prison. This is not mentioned after a while in the story. Pip then finds out that he has a benefactor who has left him a large sum of money to live with in the capital city, London. Pip wished to be a gentlemen when he was young, the benefactor helped make this wish come true. Whilst living in London Pip begins to forget his roots and look down upon people who are of lower status to him. Later on in the novel Pip discovers that his secret benefactor is the convict he helped when he was a youth. The Darkness Out There is about a young girl called Sandra who has high hopes for her future; in the story Sandra joins a club, which helps the elderly in her community. ...read more.


To show that he gave a lot of respect to his elders, he spoke to the convict using the word sir. Pip was a brave character, because he keeps his word with the convict and also swears an oath. In the opening paragraphs Pip was very vulnerable "the small bundle of shivers growing afraid of it all and beginning to cry, was Pip." The convicts' character is very aggressive; his opening line is a command. "Hold your noise! Cried a terrible voice, as a man started up from among the graves at the side of the church porch." He was also in hiding before he made his appearance; he could have been watching him all along! The convict also threatens him, "keep still, you little devil, or I'll cut your throat!" He continues to talk aggressively. The convict has continuously threatened Pip but has never harmed him. Then later on he learns that Pip has no parents. Pip is very little compared to the convict. Near the end the convicts finds out that Pip's brother-in-law is the village blacksmith, so he orders Pip to get him some food (wittles) and a file he intimidated him to do so by tilting him after each command and then at the end he threatened him by saying; "Or I'll have your heart and liver out." ...read more.


Mrs Rutter shows no remorse, sorrow or guilt whilst telling the story. She found pleasure in watching Kerry and Sandra in suspense. Her excuse for letting the pilot die was that it was raining, and that her husband was also killed in the war; so why should she care? Mrs Rutter has the appearance of a kind friendly old woman but deep in side there is the truth that she helped in the death of a innocent person, who did nothing to Mrs Rutter to make her feel that way against him. Both stories involve a young generation and elder people also. They both have secrets, which are revealed later on in the story. Great Expectations is told by a first person; and The Darkness Out There is told by a third person. Great Expectations is very formal and has long sentences involving old-fashioned word like; "wittles". The Darkness out there uses slang words; "wonky-leg", it is also aimed at a young audience as it has teenage characters. The convict is outwardly aggressive but inside he is a very nice person. In the novel - Great Expectation so he is more popular wit the little kids. The danger in the in the novel is there physically for real. Darkness Out There and Great Expectations both of the settings are in contrast with the titles. ...read more.

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