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I will be examining the settings that the writers have chosen for their stories in 'The Signalman', 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' and 'The Red Room'. I will be considering the effects that each writer has created and how they contribute to the atmosphere

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Introduction

Setting and atmosphere in three Victorian stories. In this essay I will be examining the settings that the writers have chosen for their stories in 'The Signalman', 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' and 'The Red Room'. I will be considering the effects that each writer has created and how they contribute to the atmosphere. 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' is about a detective who is investigating a mysterious disappearance. 'The Red Room' is about a young man who is going to stay at castle in a room that is said to be haunted. 'The Signalman' is about a man who meets a signalman who is seeing things and the man thinks that he is insane. All three of the stories are different mystery stories, they all try to keep the reader gripped and in suspense from the beginning till the end. But they all do these using different techniques. The technique that the writer has used in 'The Signalman' is that right at the beginning he creates a mystery by making the signalman a strange character. The signalman does not reply but just looks at him in a weird way. This creates suspense because then the audience starts to wonder what is wrong with this man. Another technique that is used right at the beginning of 'The Signalman' is that it uses direct speech; it goes straight into the action. This is also used in the beginning of 'The Red Room'. ...read more.

Middle

The drug den was legal and in those times more people had drugs commonly. One of the similarities between the three stories is that the writer uses the narrator to hold back detail. The story is told as it unfolds. The narrator knows no more than the reader in the stories. For example in the story 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' when the narrator first goes down to the den to find the missing man a man from behind says "walk past me and then look back at me". The narrator did not know who this man was and neither did the reader. But as the narrator finds out where the voice came from so does the reader, because the details are narrated and the reader finds out the facts when the narrator does. One of the advantages of having the narrator as the main character (as in all three stories) is that emotions and reactions of the main character do not have to be described because they are told directly by the narrator. For example; in the story 'The Red Room' it says, "I half suspected the old people..." The readers did not have to work this out themselves; the narrator said directly that he did not believe them. The second similarity between all three stories is that they all refer to the colour red somewhere in the story. For example; in 'The Signalman' it says "red light near the tunnel..." ...read more.

Conclusion

The example of this from 'The Signalman' is; "the wet stains stealing down the walls..." this gives an image of clean walls with stains trickling down them. An example of imagery from 'The Red Room' is; " the shutting of an eye..." this gives the reader an image of an eye closing. This is used to describe the candle shutting and by comparing it to an eye it makes it very easy for the reader to imagine what is happening. A similarity between 'The Red Room' and 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' is that they both use shadows to make the atmosphere spookier. For example in 'The Red Room' it says; "A monstrous shadow of him." By using this to describe the old mans shadow he is making the reader think that the man is almost dead but his shadow is showing the real truth about him. The example of this in 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' is; " out of the black shadows there glimmered..." The writer uses this to make the reader think that there is something good in the darkness. Another similarity between 'The Red Room' and 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' is that they both use similes for effect. An example of this in 'The Red Room' is; "...like a ragged storm-cloud..." The example of this in 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' is; "...like the mouth of a cave..." These have been used to give the reader an image of what the writer is trying to describe and by comparing it to another object this is made easier for the reader to imagine. ...read more.

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