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I will be exploring and analysing the different ways and methods in which Shakespeare uses dramatic devices/ techniques to make Act 3 Scene 5 a turning point, a moment which changes the whole course of the play.

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Introduction

ROMEO AND JULIET I will be exploring and analysing the different ways and methods in which Shakespeare uses dramatic devices/ techniques to make Act 3 Scene 5 a turning point, a moment which changes the whole course of the play, leaving things to never be the same again, in Romeo and Juliet. I will be studying the subject and theme of this scene, the structure of the scene, the characters, the language and stagecraft, and most importantly the different dramatic devices used. From the beginning of the scene there is a sense of tension, which is shown when Romeo and Juliet have spent the night together without the knowledge of their families and birds are singing. When dawn comes Romeo prepares to leave for Mantua, but Juliet declares that it is still night, so he can stay. Romeo offers to stay and did, but then Juliet urges him to leave in the hope of him leaving. "it was the nightingale and not the lark", shows references to day {the lark} and the night {nightingale} which consequently is telling us that Romeo's and Juliet's relationship is clandestine. The portrayal of darkness also increases the anxiety of this scene. ..."jocund day stands tiptoe on the misty mountain", included with the previous quote represents a metaphoric battle between dark and light, night and day symbolising Romeo's struggle to have a relationship with Juliet within a society which will not tolerate it. Night is shown to be illicit, only in darkness is Romeo's and Juliet's relationship allowed to flourish. "The herald of the morn" is a warning, which is ominous, heightening the tension. Also from the very beginning of this scene Shakespeare use pathetic fallacy; ..."do lace the severing clouds in younder east", deliberately to create a tense atmosphere. In addition Shakespeare uses plenty metaphors to symbolise death, "night candles are burnt out", to warn us of the future events. ...read more.

Middle

When Lord Capulet arrives in Juliet's chamber, Juliet is still weeping. Like his wife Capulet assumes that she is weeping for Tybalts death. Lord Capulet's arrival is dramatic because he feels that his daughter will be happy to hear his news, but instead he finds that she has disobeyed him. "When the sun sets, the air doth drizzle dew; But for the sunset of my brother's son it rains downright. How now! A conduit, girl? What, still in tears!" Capulet begins to compare Juliet's tears to rain and her to a "conduit", {a pipe from which water always flows} and in some ways is advising as Lady Capulet did before that she is weeping too much. Here Shakespeare uses pathetic fallacy metaphorically to reflect Juliet's pain. This is a linguistici dramatic device. Capulet seems a bit out of character when uses an extended metaphor to compare Juliet to a boat, a sea, and a wind. "Everemore showering? In one little body. Thou counterfeit's a bark, a sea, a wind; For still thy eyes, which I may call the sea. Do ebb and flow with tears; the bark thy body is, sailing in this salt flood; the winds, thy sighs". Capulet is saying that Juliet's eyes are the sea, because they flow in tears, her body is the boat because she is floating in her own tears and her sighs are the winds. These naturalistic/sea imageries are used to convey the enormity of her grief. Sibilance is also used here making Capulet seem a little aggressive. Capulet tells Juliet that without a "sudden calm" than she will drown in her gale of grief. Capulet believes that this "sudden calm" is the marriage arranged for her. When realising that the news of her arranged marriage should have already calmed her dawn. Capulet turns to his wife in confusion asking, "How now wife! Have you deliver'd to her out decree?" ...read more.

Conclusion

When the nurse leaves, Juliet is left alone, which is symbolic as Juliet's soliloquy reflects her alienation, what she is thinking, and this is when Juliet reveals her true attitude towards the nurse, announcing, "Ancient damnation! O most wicked", asking herself which was the greater sin, the nurse asking her to breach her vow to Romeo, on to criticize Romeo, either way she will never trust her again. These images of hell, "Ancient damination" refers to "star-cross'd lovers" in the prologue. Now Juliet without the help of all those who have been closest to her {her mother, father, and nurse} turns to Friar Lawrence in trust, but also to herself as if Frair Lawrence in trust, but also to herself as if Friar Lawrence cannot help her, then she must have the strength and courage to kill herself. "I'll to the Friar, to know his remedy", without realising Juliet moves the plot along, as the visit to the priest will lead her to both her's and Romeo's death. Romeo and Juliet has been directed by two directors, Franco Zeffirelli {1968} and Baz Luhrmann {1996}. Baz Luhrmann's version of Romeo and Juliet is modern, so has some changes in it. Franco Zeffirelli changes the way Friar Lawrence tries to send his message to Romeo in Mantua, and changes the order of some scenes. In Baz Luhrmann's film, swords become hand guns manufactured by gunsmiths called "sword", and Romeo takes a mind expanding drug before Lord Capulet's ball and Mercutio is killed on the beach, by a piece of glass. Both directors cut out Romeo's fight with Paris in Act 5, so near the end when the Prince exclaims he has lost, "A brace of kinsmen", the audience/reader only can think of one, Mercutio, who they have seen killed. Act 3 scene 5 is a turning point because after Capulet's ultimatum leads directly to the fake death plan that goes horribly wrong and leads to the death of Romeo and Juliet. ...read more.

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