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In Act one of `An Inspector calls` how does JB Priestley use dramatic devices to convey his concerns and ideas to the audience, as well interest them and involve them in the play?

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In Act one of `An Inspector calls` how does JB Priestley use dramatic devices to convey his concerns and ideas to the audience, as well interest them and involve them in the play? By Katie Hall The play is set in 1912, the year the Titanic sank, this was two years before World War One. It was a time of high social interest with strikes and revolts. It was written in 1945, the year World War Two ended, the war in which 55 million people died. J.B.Pristley`s main concerns were the neglect of the workers` rights, he was a socialist, who cared very much about society. He thought that society was selfish and had no sense of responsibility. He was also very angry about the neglect of the working class. `An Inspector Calls is a `realistic` play, these plays were developed in Europe in the late 19th Century and in the early 20th Century. This kind of play is concerned with showing that behind the fa�ade of middle-class society, there are many truths involved that society can't accept. Irony is used as a dramatic device by Priestley and there were many examples of irony throughout the play. ...read more.


Birling`s words "So long as we behave ourselves, don't get into the court or start a scandal" again this makes the audience distrust his views and this is yet again another example of dramatic irony. Mr Birling makes many long and frequent speeches in Act One, these are very revealing for the audience as he expresses his opinion clearly as he seems to like the sound of his own voice and this also makes him sound guilty. He later begins to show his ignorance and later confesses to Eva's death. There are several cases of slang used throughout the play such as "you're squiffy" and "chump". The different language used by the older and younger generations also emphasises their differing attitudes to Eva Smith. Eric also confesses to a part of Eva's suicide at one point in the play as he begins to act extremely suspiciously at one point. "Yes I remember", (but he still checks himself) which makes him look even more suspicious, this stage direction shows that he is acting rather guilty. Also when he says this, it grabs the attention of the audience and diverts it away from Gerald and Sheila, this shows that he has said something that he shouldn't have done and the audience keep thinking what's going to happen next? ...read more.


The setting with Towards the end of Act one there is a dramatic cliff hanger (The door opens slowly and the INSPECTOR appears, looking steadily and searchingly at then)" Inspector well?" The stage direction of the door opening slowly shows suspense and he is looking before he speaks, this shows tension and leaves a real cliffhanger. All of the character exits are used to further the plot in some way or another and always leads onto something else. The vast majority of Act One is actually ironic in retrospect, as the audience (and the characters) are always looking back to find out what's important from the previous scene and this tends to lead onto the following scene. One of the methods J.B.Priestley used to interest and involve the audience was his inclusion of a wide variety of characters he used and all their personalities were totally different. The playwright's message is still relevant today as we all need to take responsibility for our actions and the audience needs to accept that we live in a community where you can't be selfish and that we all need to take responsibility for our actions. Priestley manages to change their views on Mr Birling during Act One, as we begin to see what he's like and that all he is is a social climber and tries to be something that he is not. ...read more.

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