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In Act Three of 'An Inspector Calls', the inspector says: "We don't live alone. We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other." Who do you think is the most responsible for the death of Eva Smith?

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Introduction

In Act Three of 'An Inspector Calls', the inspector says: "We don't live alone. We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other." Who do you think is the most responsible for the death of Eva Smith? An entrance to a small family celebration in the dining room of a fairly large suburban house in Brumley, an industrial city in the North Midlands. On a fine spring evening in 1912, a prosperous manufacturer, Mr. Birling, enthusiastically commemorates the engagement of his daughter, Sheila Birling, to Gerald Croft, the son of Sir George Croft of Crofts Limited. After a "good dinner", marking the start of the occasion, the Birlings: which consist of Mr and Mrs Birling, Sheila Birling and her younger brother Eric Birling, proudly continue on through the evening with a superior atmosphere. This joyful party was rudely interrupted by a harsh figure of a police inspector investigating the suicide of a young working-class woman. The intrusion was about to unlock a chain of events, which led to the death of Eva Smith. Under Inspector Goole's interrogation, every member of the family turns out to have a shameful secret that links them to her death. Their specific actions set over a passage of time casts a preconceived opinion based on their past, not the present. Both individual and collective acts of responsibility entwined their life with that of Eva Smith. ...read more.

Middle

Throughout the play, signs of iniquity and the devil come up, for example, the Seven Deadly Sins. At least each member of the family had been corrupted by any one or more if these sins. Therefore, the one making the most errors is the most responsible for the death of Eva Smith. Foremost, Mr Birling is full of pride. He was trying to prevent the spiteful Inspector bad-mouthing his family. He also believed that his position in the community would be tarnished and his awaiting knighthood be refused. He wanted to protect his family from the reality of the media. Arthur was also quite slothful as he could not be bothered to fight the rebellion fronted by Eva Smith. He took the easiest route to solve the problem: discharging Eva. His anger and impatience was shown when he replied to the harsh tone of the inspector by saying "Look - there's nothing mysterious about this business!" Mr Birling is very rude and adamant about the fact that he is always right. This is clearly revealed in his speech in Act One where he says that the "Titanic is absolutely unsinkable", this accusation failed when the Titanic sank on its maiden voyage, and that the prospect of war is nearly impossible because 1914 saw the start of World War Two. He also tries to show his malevolence and disgust towards the socialists Bernard Shaws and H. ...read more.

Conclusion

death Eva Smith because everything he did was driven by sin and to solve his problems, he dug himself into a deeper hole by allowing the sins to use his body as a vessel to carry out the bad deeds. I also believe that he spends most of his time in a constant state of drunkenness and therefore what he says may not be what he feels or intends to say. After Eric, I think Sheila is the most responsible for the death of Eva Smith because she over exaggerates her guilt and all her actions were invigorated by anger or jealousy. Next come Mr and Mrs Birling because they both had reasons apart form sin, to discharge Eva. They wanted to guard the family name and status. Lastly, I think that Gerald Croft is the most responsible for the death of Eva Smith, as he tried to make her believe in herself by giving her a job and a home. Therefore, Eric is more guilty that any other Birling family member or Gerald Croft. Overall, it appears to me that Inspector Goole is the devil and the Birlings are his minions. They take place in this world as mortals, to show what the world is becoming. I think that J. B. Priestley has a socialist view on life and he has tried to communicate that message to the public through his play: 'An Inspector Calls.' ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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