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In both ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ and ‘A View From the Bridge’, a lawyer is one of the main characters. Explain how Miller and Lee use Alfieri and Atticus respectively to put across their themes

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Introduction

In both 'To Kill a Mockingbird' and 'A View From the Bridge', a lawyer is one of the main characters. Explain how Miller and Lee use Alfieri and Atticus respectively to put across their themes Alfieri and Atticus are both lawyers which the authors brought into the texts to highlight themes. Alfieri highlights the themes of justice, social code, social class, immigration and marriage. Atticus Finch, the lawyer in To Kill a Mockingbird, is brought into the texts to highlight racism, law, social division, prejudice and courage. The authors, Harper Lee and Arthur Miller have some first hand experience of what they write about. Harper Lee was born on April 1926 in Alabama, the time the book was set. She also studied law during 1945-1949. Later, in 1960, To Kill A Mockingbird was published and she incorporated her knowledge of life in America and law into the book. The author of A View From the Bridge, Arthur Miller, was born in New York on October 17th 1915. Both of his parents were immigrants. This is possibly where he got his inspiration to write the play. In A View From The Bridge, Miller uses Alfieri to highlight the main themes by introducing a number of scenarios. These themes are also brought into the play by the central character Eddie. The first theme, justice and law, is used to show the reader the contrast between the very lawful New York, with no social code, and the Italian-American community which has a social code and sees justice as being more important than the law and that justice is not always lawful. Alfieri says, "I heard what you told me, and I'm telling you what the answer is... Put it out of your mind! Eddie!" In this speech, Alfieri is saying that Eddie will soon be outcast as a result of informing the Immigration Bureau. This proves how much the social code is valued in this area and also proves that it is stronger than the law itself. ...read more.

Middle

Or you gonna drive me crazy?") and we again see the marriage under stress. Eddie is almost jealous of Rudolpho as we see in the chair-lifting contest, Rudolpho just sees it a fun but he wants to hurt Rudolpho and yet again, Beatrice disagrees. The most important part of this theme is when Catherine is talking about her wedding and Eddie says, "Now if that's more to you than I am, then go. But don't come back. You be on my side or on their side, that's all." She decides to go to the wedding and this surprises Eddie as he expects her to stay with him. As before, Alfieri tries to effectively break up the arguments between Eddie and Beatrice from his 'View from the bridge' role. The most important theme in this book is the theme of social codes. Justice here is more important than law. This code is far from lawful. The community see it as a good thing that people let immigrants into the community and if anyone (like Eddie) break that code then it is seen as a very bad thing. Alfieri states, "You won't have a friend in the world, Eddie! Even those who feel the same will despise you! Put it out of your mind." Here Alfieri is saying that Eddie will be outcast from the community as the social code is that strong. He is a lawyer and he is not doing anything about the immigrants as he knows what the consequences are for Eddie if he informs anyone. Miller portrays Alfieri as being more than a lawyer by having him as a narrator. He has "the view from the bridge" role in the play. This is who the title relates to. He acts as a narrator, he is omniscient. For Example: Alfieri: "On the night twenty-third of that December a case of Scotch whisky slipped from a net while being unloaded...house." ...read more.

Conclusion

Atticus too shows a great amount of courage by fighting for Tom Robinson. Atticus highlights Lee's message of what true courage is through his conversation with Jem and Scout about Mrs Dubose. He tells them that she is sick and rather than giving up on life she has strived on through her later life taking medication at regular intervals, just to be alive. The mockingbird plays a significant role in the book. Tom Robinson is seen as the mockingbird, an innocent person who was killed for doing nothing more than helping people. When Atticus says, "Remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird" it's almost like he is saying that if he didn't fight for Tom Robinson then he would effectively 'kill' him. Atticus is too a mockingbird, he always sees the good in people, he accepts their differences. He is also willing to 'sing' his heart out in the courtroom for Tom Robinson. Boo Radley is too a mockingbird. He is ridiculed by the community for doing nothing wrong. Use miss maudies quote about the mockingbird I conclude that there is quite a significant difference between the lawyers in the two books. Atticus is the same in court as he is on the streets, polite and well mannered. We don't really see Alfieri out of his office. They both understand the social codes and they both know the place they work in very well. They both deal with the situations well. How? Both of Alfieri and Atticus are related to the titles of the texts which highlights their significance. The similar themes in the books are; justice and the law, growing up/parental role and social class. The themes cover the same areas within the themes except justice is more important in The View From The Bridge than in To Kill a Mockingbird. Miller and Lee use Alfieri and Atticus to highlight main themes by placing the in a number of scenarios mainly to do with justice, law and social code. ?? ?? ?? ?? Antonia Jackson 10Y ...read more.

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