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In Chapter 8, where Pip goes to see Miss Havishams house for the first time, for a number of different techniques and devices which the writer uses to make us feel sympathy for Pip.

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Introduction

Great Expectations Great Expectations, written by Charles Dickens, is one of the most popular classics of our time. Dickens novel was, some may say the work of a genius. The tale is of a boy who starts from humble beginnings and whom the story follows through to young adulthood each entering a new experience for the boy. Charles Dickens wrote the novel in 1860-61. He was born into a respected middle class family, in Charlton. He incorporated local features and happenings into his books when he could. His father went into debt and then prison after his finances collapsed. The rest of the family had to go to, so Charles spent time in prison. This is where Charles Dickens got some of his inspiration for his book. He eventually died at the age of fifty-eight from a stroke and was buried in his local churchyard. Chapter eight is an essential part of the book because it conveys a clear image of the characters personality and is a key part for the rest of the story. I will look in Chapter 8, where Pip goes to see Miss Havishams house for the first time, for a number of different techniques and devices which the writer uses to make us feel sympathy for Pip. Charles Dickens starts making the reader feel sorry for Pip when he and Mr Pumblechoke arrive at the gates, and Estella greets them. ...read more.

Middle

The clocks had also stopped at twenty minutes to nine. The reader then feels sympathetic towards Pip because of his already nervous state being placed in an eerie, scary atmosphere, which seems unnatural to the poor boy. The reader once again feels sorry for Pip when he is ordered to play cards with Estella, for Miss Havishams viewing. Estella once again starts to be obnoxious towards Pip. It is not surprising that Miss Havisham doesn't lecture or even comment about Estella's ill behaviour. This is because Estella is with Miss Havisham for only one reason, to cause embarrassment and loss of pride on the male sex. This happens because Miss Havisham was going to get married to a man earlier in her life, but that happiness was horribly taken away from her, when he ran off before the ceremony with some of her money. This badly distressed Miss Havisham so badly that she went home, kept everything the same and never saw sunlight again, and just sat in darkness in her wedding dress. "He calls the knaves Jacks, this boy!" This comment is humiliating for Pip because he has never known any different than to call knaves, Jacks whilst playing cards and now somebody of his own age but of a higher class is correcting him, not politely but rudely and with the intention solely of humiliating him. ...read more.

Conclusion

"Why don't you cry?" "Because I don't want to." "You do," said she. "You have been crying till you are half blind, and you are near crying again now." These are the last harsh and insulting words to Pip before being chucked out at the gates of the house by Estella. The reader feels that a lot of pressure has been placed on Pip during the time spent at the peculiar house and the last embrace with Estella is a last attempt to break Pip. The book was written at a time when people's social life's were very important and meant a lot to them. Dickens shows us this quite clearly through the first meeting between Pip, Estella and Miss Havisham. Pip, is kind-hearted and innocent, but he is very gullible as shown in the encounters at the house. Estella is intelligent, but cruel, bitter and twisted due to the strange upbringing. Miss Havisham is a bitter old woman. Who wants to take revenge on all men for the wrong that was done to her by one man. Pips humble start in life would not have prepared him in any way in knowing how to deal with these types of people in their strange surroundings. This makes you feel very sympathetic to Pip as he is the person who has to enter these surroundings, especially as it was not through his own choice but of someone elses. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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