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In the novel Lord of the Flies, the author William Golding examines the different leadership styles in a society

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´╗┐Leadership and Its Effects on the Survival of a Society Many different leadership styles exist in a society, each with its own motives, but all with the same goal: the fight for power and survival. In the novel Lord of the Flies, the author William Golding examines the different leadership styles in a society and explores how the leader of a society affects the society?s survival. Golding uses the three main characters of Ralph, Jack, and Piggy to symbolize conflicting leadership styles: democratic, dictatorial, and paternalistic. First, Ralph, a natural leader, symbolizes a democratic leadership style in the way he leads the boys by creating an atmosphere in which everyone?s opinion matters. At the first assembly, Ralph explains how using a conch shell will ensure that each boy will have a fair chance to speak and give their opinion, ??I?ll give the conch to the next person to speak. He can hold it when he?s speaking?And he won?t be interrupted. ...read more.


Although he is chosen by the boys for the protection he promises, Jack symbolizes a dictator as he shows that he will do whatever it takes, including acts of violence and brainwashing, to obtain power. When discussing the foundations for his new tribe, Jack confirms doubts about the beast, ??I [Jack] say this. We aren?t going to bother about the beast?We are going to forget about the beast?? (133). The boys in Jack?s tribe are overcome by the security that Jack offers them by telling them it is all right to forget the beast. In gaining the boys? confidence, Jack becomes their chief, not by force, but by the people?s choice. When dealing with his captives Sam and Eric, Jack uses violence and persuasive language to lure them into his tribe, brainwashing them in the process, ?The chief [Jack] snatched up one of the few spears that were left and poked Sam in the ribs. ...read more.


After Piggy?s death, as Ralph is trying to decide whether to hide or to flee, he wonders, ?What was the sensible thing to do? There was no Piggy to talk sense.?(196) Ralph has relied on Piggy for security in making decisions. Now that Piggy is not there, it seems the world doesn?t make sense, because there is no one to give Ralph a mature perspective on the matters at hand. Piggy?s mature outlook on problems helps Ralph and the other boys to make decisions, and find sensible solutions that lead to better survival. Using the three main characters Ralph, Jack, and Piggy, Golding shows how democratic, dictatorial, and paternalistic leadership styles contrast in the way they seek power and secure survival. In Ralph, the boys find a leader willing to listen to their ideas; in Jack, they find security and hope, and in Piggy, they find wisdom in their decision making. In societies in our own world, it seems that strong leadership coupled with the balanced distribution of power and the logical, sensible approach of mature adults would best meet the needs for survival. ...read more.

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