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In the novel Lord of the flies, William Golding employs numerous techniques to convey his ideas

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In the novel Lord of the flies, William Golding employs numerous techniques to convey his ideas. These techniques include; irony, character representation and symbolism. There are countless other techniques as well which emphasise and develops Golding ideas. Together, these techniques aid the allegorical nature of the novel. A powerful technique that Golding employs to convey his ideas is that of irony. The greatest irony is the regression of the orderly choir boys to a pack of savages. At the beginning of the novel Golding describes them as "a party of boys marching approximately in two parallel lines...but each boy wore a square black cap with a silver badge on it... their bodies, from throat to ankle, were hidden by black cloaks which bore a along silver cross." This quote even demonstrates how the boys had a strong connection with religion, which is diametrically opposed to what they eventually transformed into. ...read more.


Ralph represents democracy and this can be seen through him saying, "Seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide things." Whilst Ralph doesn't suggest the idea of a vote (Roger), he obviously would have contemplated such a notion. After all, Ralph was the one who "... made a meeting. So as we can decide what to do." Jack on the other hand is opposed to Ralph and represents power and savagery. Jack's desire for power is demonstrated when the chief idea is put forth and Jack immediately proclaims "I ought to be chief... because I am chapter chorister and head boy." Hints of savagery can also be seen through when he first attempts to kill the pig, fails and thus says, "I was choosing a place - next time!" The other characters also represent different concepts; Roger symbolizes pure evil (which can be seen through his brutal murder of Piggy), Simon represents pure goodness (which is exemplified by his very quiet and harmonious nature) ...read more.


Thus, when Jack, "smeared on the clay... turned a half-concealed face up to Roger" he had lost his 'civilised' identity and had commenced the regression to savagery. Furthermore, the majority of the boys seem to succumb to this innate evil especially after they are drawn towards Jack's form of 'Government' which is the opposite to Ralph's - the most civilised. The vast symbolism employed not only aids the philosophical and allegorical nature of the novel but creates a simultaneous dispute between the notions that the symbols represent i.e. the forces of good and evil and the depravity of certain political regimes. Lord of the flies is a powerful and meaningful allegory about humanity and civilisation. Golding has developed his ideas through very powerful and effective techniques and thus his conveyance of ideas is superb. The brilliant use of techniques by Golding is extremely significant as it compels his readers to cogitate deeply not only about the novel but about the concepts that each component represents. ...read more.

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