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In the novel Wuthering Heights Lockwoods overnight stay could be perceived as a satisfactory opening. To help me assess this I had to decide on what I thought a satisfactory opening to be.

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Introduction

In the novel Wuthering Heights Lockwoods overnight stay could be perceived as a satisfactory opening. To help me assess this I had to decide on what I thought a satisfactory opening to be. I decided on a certain criteria that I believed a satisfactory opening would include. The criteria I decided upon was; Emily Bront? securing the readers attention, establishing the genre of the novel, establishing some of the characters and the theme and introducing the setting. In these opening chapters Emily Bront? manages to establish the character of Lockwood. In the novel we can see that Lockwood represents culture and there is a comment made by Lockwood at the start of the chapter that backs up this culture attitude. The house keeper makes the main meal of the day for 12pm and Lockwood is not happy with this arrangement as he says" she could not or would not comprehend my request that I might be served at five." In the city it was normal to dine at five but in the country the people awoke much earlier and worked hard therefore wanted a sufficient meal at 12pm. He also looks rather arrogant, as he does not want to change from his routine when after all he is the guest. Soon after that he encounters a servant girl cleaning out the fires in the house. He was quite annoyed at the fact dust was being created as she carried out her duties. Lockwood described the dust as "infernal." The use of that one word manipulates the reader into perceiving Lockwood as a rather arrogant man, because the girl is only performing her duties. The fact the girl was cleaning annoyed him enough to make him leave the house and cross the moors to Wuthering Heights. After a rather enforced entrance to the grounds Lockwood knocks on the door expecting to be immediately admitted. ...read more.

Middle

The uneducated were partially gripped by this superstition and this is shown with Joseph's reaction. He is physically scared of Cathy as he is described as "trembling with sincere horror." Cathy is portrayed as a very cruel and heartless girl as she torments Joseph. This blackness would have gripped the reader and it would have been something they would have enjoyed. Emily Bront? has started to secure the readers attention within this chapter. Emily Bront? also starts to establish the setting at the start of chapter 2 and throughout. She starts to create the setting as Lockwood is leaving the grange to walk to Wuthering Heights. He describes the ground as being " hard with black frost," he also says "the air made me shiver through every limb." Right from the start of the chapter Emily Bront? is using very negative words to create this dreary, cold negative outlook, which starts to prepare the reader for what is to follow. Lockwood then arrives at Wuthering Heights to be greeted with a chained gate and locked doors. This gives a negative impression of Wuthering Heights and its occupants. Within a short period of time while Lockwood is knocking for entrance to Wuthering Heights we see deterioration in the weather as Lockwood says, " the snow began to drive quickly." This deterioration in the weather along with the other factors creates a very negative setting of Wuthering Heights from the outset as the read has hardly encountered the place before. This negative setting fit in perfects to lead Lockwood into the atmosphere he is going to encounter within the household itself. The Atmosphere is very antagonistic, tense and cold within the house. There is hatred lingering between all members of the household, which is strongly picked up upon. There is a very cruel atmosphere lingering as we see Cathy being cruel to Joseph threatening to make him into a "wax model." The reader is intrigued as to what creates this hate-ridden atmosphere in a family household. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lockwood commented on how "powerfully effected" that Heathcliff seemed to have been by this event. Heathcliff then sent Lockwood from the room and "wrenched open the lattice, bursting, as he pulled at it, into an uncontrollable passion of tears." This show of emotion shows a side to Heathcliff hardly seen and shows the torment of his love for the diseased Cathy. The whole of the novel backs up on this torment that Heathcliff faces while Cathy is alive and then at the end of the novel the torment he endures while she is dead. Lockwood seeing this ghost ties in with the end of the novel as Heathcliff confesses about being tormented by Cathy's spirit. In my opinion Emily Bront? has created a very satisfactory opening to the Novel with Lockwoods over night stay. She has fulfilled the criteria at set out at the beginning of establishing some of the characters, establishing the genre, introducing the setting, establishing the theme and securing the readers attention. She managed to establish the characters of Lockwood, Joseph, and Cathy although the way Cathy is portrayed is not how she is portrayed till the end of the novel again, and Heathcliff. She manages to start establish the genre as a gothic romance she certainly manages to get the black backdrop and dark setting to continue this. She manages to establish an atmosphere within the household and hatred between characters. She manages to secure the readers attention by the style she writes the novel in. Lockwood is telling the story in chapters two and three and like the reader Lockwood is only learning things about this families life as he goes along. The reader therefore learns along side Lockwood and have to starts questioning things on there own, as Lockwoods judgements are not always accurate. This means the reader is gripped to the story and wish to read on to answer the questions they have set themselves. As Emily Bront? seems to have covered all the criteria in some detail I think this is defiantly a satisfactory opening to Wuthering Heights. ...read more.

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