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In what way is 'A Christmas Carol' an allegory? Explain how Dickens uses symbolism in the story.

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Introduction

In what way is 'A Christmas Carol' an allegory? Explain how Dickens uses symbolism in the story. By Michael Taubman ' A Christmas Carol' is a straightforward allegory. An allegory is a type of narrative story in which events or characters represent a certain idea or theme, which relies heavily on symbolism. Dickens's story is about a greedy, selfless man called 'Scrooge' who is the opposite of what Christmas means. The first line of the novel 'Marley was dead', Marley we learn was once Scrooges partner and who comes back as a phantom to warm Scrooge to change his ways otherwise he will become a wondering phantom like Marley once dead. Dickens uses symbolism before the book is even open. The title 'A Christmas Carol'. The novel isn't about a carol but carols show joy, happiness and a time for everyone to come together. The main character Scrooge shows the opposite to the title as he was a greedy, cold man, 'No warmth could warm, nor wintry weather chill ... ...the heaviest rain, snow, hail and sleet could boast of the advantages over him in only one respect'. ...read more.

Middle

Fam his sister symbolising family life, comes into the vision saying how his father has changed, 'father is so much kinder than he use to be, that, home's like heaven'. This is probably another reason why Scrooge turned out like he did, as a result of an unhappy childhood, but his dad, like Ebenezer, shows regret and how a person can change. As Ebenezer had an unhappy childhood he use to lock himself off from the world around him and go into his imagination, living in side his head as he never had joy outside. Fezzivig was a businessman like Scrooge and a friend. Fezzy, unlike Scrooge, didn't care about wealth and riches and treated Scrooge the way he wanted to be treated. Fezzivig represents employment in a good way and treats Scrooge who formally worked for him as a friend while Scrooge treats Bob Crachet with a total lack of consideration. Later in the second stave young Ebenezer becomes an avaricious in his attempt to avoid poverty and this is why Belle (the girl Ebenezer once loved) left him. Scrooge feels deep regret when he sees Belle with her husband and child at Christmas all pitying him. ...read more.

Conclusion

Then his spirit unlike Marley's will be saved. Stave five sees Ebenezer Scrooge a reformed character, embracing Christmas, 'A merry Christmas to everyone! A happy new year to all the world! Hallo here! Whoop! Hallo!'. If this were Scrooge before he had had the three visits then he would have said no more than his famous words, 'Bah Humbug!'. It's quite interesting to know that before Dickens's novels came out that many people celebrated Christmas like they do now, with trees lights and decorations up everywhere. His tales helped to bring back the spirit of Christmas. Dickens was not just a writer but helped many children get an education, making many stands and announcements. Ignorance and want were his major targets as he wanted them eradicated. In 1870 Dickens died and never got to see what an impact he had made as later that same year education for all was made compulsory. 'A Christmas Carol' wasn't the only novel where these concerns about children can be found. In Oliver Twist they are symbolised by the 'Fagon' and his boys. Dickens knows about all that goes on with people like this as he has had past experience, such as Tiny Fred his brother. It is said that by his death, one of Britain's greatest writers was lost. ...read more.

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