• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what way is 'A Christmas Carol' an allegory? Explain how Dickens uses symbolism in the story.

Extracts from this document...


In what way is 'A Christmas Carol' an allegory? Explain how Dickens uses symbolism in the story. By Michael Taubman ' A Christmas Carol' is a straightforward allegory. An allegory is a type of narrative story in which events or characters represent a certain idea or theme, which relies heavily on symbolism. Dickens's story is about a greedy, selfless man called 'Scrooge' who is the opposite of what Christmas means. The first line of the novel 'Marley was dead', Marley we learn was once Scrooges partner and who comes back as a phantom to warm Scrooge to change his ways otherwise he will become a wondering phantom like Marley once dead. Dickens uses symbolism before the book is even open. The title 'A Christmas Carol'. The novel isn't about a carol but carols show joy, happiness and a time for everyone to come together. The main character Scrooge shows the opposite to the title as he was a greedy, cold man, 'No warmth could warm, nor wintry weather chill ... ...the heaviest rain, snow, hail and sleet could boast of the advantages over him in only one respect'. ...read more.


Fam his sister symbolising family life, comes into the vision saying how his father has changed, 'father is so much kinder than he use to be, that, home's like heaven'. This is probably another reason why Scrooge turned out like he did, as a result of an unhappy childhood, but his dad, like Ebenezer, shows regret and how a person can change. As Ebenezer had an unhappy childhood he use to lock himself off from the world around him and go into his imagination, living in side his head as he never had joy outside. Fezzivig was a businessman like Scrooge and a friend. Fezzy, unlike Scrooge, didn't care about wealth and riches and treated Scrooge the way he wanted to be treated. Fezzivig represents employment in a good way and treats Scrooge who formally worked for him as a friend while Scrooge treats Bob Crachet with a total lack of consideration. Later in the second stave young Ebenezer becomes an avaricious in his attempt to avoid poverty and this is why Belle (the girl Ebenezer once loved) left him. Scrooge feels deep regret when he sees Belle with her husband and child at Christmas all pitying him. ...read more.


Then his spirit unlike Marley's will be saved. Stave five sees Ebenezer Scrooge a reformed character, embracing Christmas, 'A merry Christmas to everyone! A happy new year to all the world! Hallo here! Whoop! Hallo!'. If this were Scrooge before he had had the three visits then he would have said no more than his famous words, 'Bah Humbug!'. It's quite interesting to know that before Dickens's novels came out that many people celebrated Christmas like they do now, with trees lights and decorations up everywhere. His tales helped to bring back the spirit of Christmas. Dickens was not just a writer but helped many children get an education, making many stands and announcements. Ignorance and want were his major targets as he wanted them eradicated. In 1870 Dickens died and never got to see what an impact he had made as later that same year education for all was made compulsory. 'A Christmas Carol' wasn't the only novel where these concerns about children can be found. In Oliver Twist they are symbolised by the 'Fagon' and his boys. Dickens knows about all that goes on with people like this as he has had past experience, such as Tiny Fred his brother. It is said that by his death, one of Britain's greatest writers was lost. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    English Lit How Does Charles Dickens Use Imagery and Language to Present the Character ...

    4 star(s)

    street to say, with gladsome looks, "My dear Scrooge, how are you? When will you come to see me?" No beggars implored him to bestow a trifle, no children asked him what it was o'clock' The fact that no one stops him in the street to even talk to him

  2. How does Dickens use imagery and language to present the character of Ebenezer Scrooge ...

    Dickens shows that Scrooge has no feeling, nothing can chill him, and nothing can warm him. Scrooge is immensely described as worse than the weather: 'No wind that blew was bitter than he' This meaning nothing could be worse than Scrooge; Dickens insults his own character with no grief.

  1. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    his slippers, dressing-gown and night cap in front of a very low fire. His bell begins to swing. In this novel a bell always signifies something about to happen. When scrooge can distinctly hear Marley coming nearer he still refuses to believe it.

  2. Examine how dickens uses the supernatural as a vehicle for change in 'A Christmas ...

    an immediate consequence but will always be punished in after or life. The guests play a guessing game, the find the identity of a thing, in which questions can only be answered yes or no. Everyone is amused when Fred's sister-in-law guesses that the mystery object is Scrooge.

  1. How Important are Fred and Bob to the story of a 'Christmas Carol'?

    Fred, although not as rich as Scrooge, still manages to "enjoy his wealth" and be a jolly person. Scrooge is unbelievably wealthy, and yet he does not spend even the smallest amount of his money to enjoy himself. "What reason have you to be merry?

  2. A Christmas Carol - Marley's Ghost.

    streets, stirred up tomorrow's pudding in his garret, while his lean wife and the baby sallied out to buy the beef. Foggier yet, and colder! Piercing, searching, biting cold. If the good St Dunstan had but nipped the Evil Spirit's nose with a touch of such weather as that, instead

  1. How does Dickens use the character of Scrooge to teach his readers, old and ...

    Scrooge asks "Are there no prisons? Are there no workhouses?" - but the Spirit departs. Scrooge wonders about the workhouses - and again he eats his own words realising the corruption in the workhouses. People of higher classes are ignoring the lower classes needs and wants of society, such as food, water and shelter - .

  2. Charles Dickens describes 'A Christmas Carol' as'a ghost story for Christmas' - In what ...

    there for drawing the viewer into the story and making them want to keep watching. Some examples of these are 'What lies beneath' and 'The Sixth Sense'. Both these ghost stories have a major twist in the plot very near the end and both keep the viewer in suspense so as to keep the viewer interested.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work