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In what ways does Mary Shelley make the reader sympathise with the monster?

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In what ways does Mary Shelley make the reader sympathise with the monster? 'Frankenstein' is a gothic horror novel written by Mary Shelley. The novel is about death, love, ambition and prejudice. When Mary Shelley wrote 'Frankenstein' in the 19th century she was only 18 years old. The novel came to be written because of a challenge set by Mary's liturgy friends, Lord Byron and Percy Shelley. The challenge was to write the most frightening ghost story of all time. Mary Shelley revealed later on that the novel had come from a dream she had. Mary Shelley's life influenced her novel greatly. For example, her mother died shortly after giving birth to Mary and as we can see she incorporates this idea into this novel. Furthermore this novel incorporates the theory of Luigi Galvani who believed that he had discovered electricity in human limbs. This novel is about a doctor by the name of Victor Frankenstein who is obsessed at the possibility of creating an artificial life. ...read more.


In one example of analysis, Mary Shelley uses the metaphor of Adam and Eve to develop our sympathy with the monster. She has the monster say to Victor, on the sea of ice, 'Remember I am thy creature; I ought to be thy Adam, but I am rather the fallen angel, whom thou drivest from joy for no misdeed.' Here the monster is stating that Victor needs to take responsibility for what he has created. Victor is supposed to be playing God, however God stood by his creations whereas Victor has just abandoned his. The monster wants to shame Victor into taking responsibility for the lives that were lost. Hence, Shelley is stating that the monster has been abandoned by Victor which increases our sympathy towards the monster. Mary Shelley creates a contrast between Victor and the monster whilst they speak for the first time. These two reactions are completely the opposite. Whilst Victor has feelings of bitter anguish, and he somewhat loathes the monster as he describes the monster with words such as 'wretched devil', 'daemon'. ...read more.


If Victor stood by his creation and taught him right from wrong then he would know good from evil. On the other hand because Victor neglected him he's resentful of Victor and seeks to gain revenge which eventually leads to the murder of one of Victor's family. Mary Shelley's intention with the affect of nature/nurture is that nature is instinctive and needs to be nurtured to bring out the better alternatives. I feel as if I have learnt a lot from the novel Frankenstein because I think that people shouldn't act in the way in which Victor did because everybody should be treated the same no matter what they look like. Also if people get treated badly like in the way in which the monster did we don't actually realise how it will affect them. Mary Shelley intended to make Victor look like the real monster and Shelley achieves this by making Victor's emotions get the better of him. In addition to that Shelley also intended us, the reader to sympathise with the monster; she achieves this by portraying Victor as the monster and makes him treat the monster inadequately. ...read more.

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