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In which respects is "Frankenstein" a Gothic novel in close Reference to subject; theme; language and style?

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  • Essay length: 1639 words
  • Submitted: 30/09/2003
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GCSE Mary Shelley

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In which respects is "Frankenstein" a Gothic novel in close

Reference to subject; theme; language and style?

Literary Gothicism is a type of imitation of medievalism launched in the later eighteenth century. Gothicism featured accounts of terrifying experiences in ancient castles - experiences connected with subterranean dungeons, secret passageways, flickering lamps, screams, moans, bloody hands, ghosts, graveyards etc. By extension, it came to designate the macabre, mysterious, fantastic, supernatural, and, again, the terrifying, especially the pleasurably terrifying, in literature more generally.

The Castle of Otranto (1764) is a very good example of Gothic literature, it is a short novel in which the ingredients are a haunted castle, a villain, mysterious deaths, supernatural happenings, a moaning ancestral painting, a damsel in distress and violent emotions of terror, anguish and love. Frankenstein in this way doesn't fit in to the Gothic genre. Frankenstein is not set in the typical desolate settings that are distinctive in Gothic novels but are set in very human surroundings i.e. in the family hone, University of Ingelstadt. Mary Shelly's Frankenstein focuses more on the dangers of science and the reactions of people in extreme circumstances than of the mysteries of the

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