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Inspector Calls

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An Inspector Calls How does the play show up the contrasts between the philosophies of Arthur Birling and Inspector Goole? An Inspector Calls was written by the socialist writer J.B Priestly just after the Second World War in 1946. Europe was in economic depression and the infamous class system in Britain needed a rethink due to the financial climate. J.B Priestly believed that everyone was joined together in one community and that we should all work together. It was a less radical form of communism, but without everybody on the same wage. I think Priestly was trying to get his socialist views across, via the Inspector. He then used Birling as an old fashioned man with old fashioned views to lead the play as a scapegoat in Britain at this time. A man who believed the rich should stick together, even though he was a man who worked his way to the top from the working class. The play is set in 1912 and there were major changes in the world between the 34 years from the setting to when the play was written. Arthur Birling is first introduced in the play at the head of the dining table, this is significant, he is in charge...at the start of the play. ...read more.


Again, this is dramatic irony, because the Titanic sinks and thousands of people die. The audience will be laughing at Birling for the comments he has made, because everything he said won't happen, inevitably does. The audience in 1946 will know the outcome of these speeches and will see that Birling has no real power or knowledge when the Inspector arrives. The inspector is first introduced just as the Birling family were celebrating the engagement of their daughter. This comes at a crucial time in the play as the family are obviously very pleased of the night's events. This is important as it shows that he is now the most important person in the household for the evening. The stage directions state that when the Inspector enters the lights are turned on by the house maid Edna. This signifies a difference of goodness from the Inspector. Light could show that the Inspector is good and not evil, even though he bears the news of a death. The stage directions also state that he creates a massive presence even though he is not a big man. It then goes onto say that he looks hard at the person he addresses before he speaks. Straight away this produces a dramatic device as it shows that he is immensely important to the play, and this is shown before he even says a word. ...read more.


Good night. The Eva and John Smith remark represents everybody in the world. All the other bolded words are to put across J.B Priestley's views on socialism. The comment on fire, blood and anguish is there to prove that Birling was wrong and the Inspector will be right, because two world wars kill millions of people. He then finishes his speech with good night. This is completely different to any of Birling's speeches as it is polite and it leaves the Birling family with a sense of guilt that they were in the wrong and were wrong and the Inspector was right. I think that Priestley's message is that everything that everyone does will have a knock on effect. He contrasts the two characters to show that the old Britain is wrong and in his eyes, the New Britain can be better. He tries to show that Birling, the capitalist view is wrong, and the Inspector, the socialist view, is the new step forward in the right direction. By showing that the whole family helped in the suicide of Eva Smith, proves that everyone affects everyone else. The ending is designed to leave the audience with the impression that socialism will benefit everyone and that everyone is "intertwined with each other". He uses this effect at the end of the play so when the audience leaves it will have a larger outcome on their views. ?? ?? ?? ?? Chris Ward Chris Ward ...read more.

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