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'It has been suggested that the Gothic is a particular way in thinking, feeling and expressing rather than a specific genre limited to a certain place and time'.Compare at least 2 appropriate works to say how far you would support this view.

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'It has been suggested that the Gothic is a particular way in thinking, feeling and expressing rather than a specific genre limited to a certain place and time'. Compare at least 2 appropriate works to say how far you would support this view. As the quote above indicates the Gothic unlike many types of writing is thought to surpass the chains of bygone eras. It is now as popular in the 21st Century with writers such as Steven King as it was in the 18th Century when authors like Walpole and Lewis were bringing Gothic literature to the forefront of popular culture. In comparison to novels written in the 19th Century by authors such as Thomas Hardy, Charles Dickens and George Elliot which were predominantly Victorian novels, it is thought that novels such as 'The Italian' 'The Castle of Otranto' and 'The Monk' amongst others were firstly recognised as a Gothic novel and then perhaps considered from the time it was written. Botting claimed (1996) "Gothic can perhaps be called the only true literary tradition. Or its stain". This can be evident by observing novels written since the beginning of the 19th Century, in particular 'Frankenstein' and 'Wuthering Heights' to texts written within the last thirty years such as 'The Woman in Black'. ...read more.


For instance, the uncanny is present within Frankenstein, which can be backed up by a quote by Jentsch, "doubts whether an apparently animate being is really alive; or conversely, whether a lifeless object might not be in fact animate" relating to the uncanny effects created by Shelley concerning the creature. I say that it surpasses time and space because Frankenstein was written in 1818, and Freud came up with his approach on the unheimlich over a hundred years later in 1919. This therefore shows us how the idea of the uncanny (and other psychological areas on which I will be focusing on later in my essay) was not merely structured into Shelley's time but was still evident a century later. Also within Frankenstein, the Oedipus complex is evident in the framework of a dream which has incestuous overtones regarding Elizabeth but also demonstrates Victor's fear of sexuality and sexual repression is a key idea within the Gothic tradition. While Victor is afraid of his sexuality, it might be worth considering that Justine could represent uncontrolled feminine sexuality by linking her situation with that of the governess in 'The Turn of The Screw'. It is also possible to consider 'Wuthering Heights' to have incestuous tones within Cathy and Heathcliff's relationship as the two of them were brought up together as brother and sister, and some critics have claimed even further that Heathcliff may have been the late Mr Earnshaw's illegitimate child. ...read more.


'Frankenstein' and 'The Woman In Black' are both classed as Gothic novels but have very different elements which make them Gothic. Steven Mallatrat commented on 'The Woman In Black' saying that "the way it had worked on my imagination" made it stand out, while critics have commented on Frankenstein, "If, however, the gothic imagination is enlisted not as a mechanistic technique but as an aesthetic to help convey other sensations or philosophies, then it may deserve lasting attention" demonstrates my point as in Frankenstein, gothic is just within the text while in 'The Woman in Black' Hill employs many gothic techniques. But all texts have had impacts on later texts. For 'The Woman In Black' Hill had been inspired by Dickens as a writer, but also 'The Woman In White' by Wilkie Collins, 'The Turn of The Screw' by Henry James and 'I'll Whistle and I'll Come to You my Lord' by M R James. 'Frankenstein' was inspired by Romantics of the time, as well as scientists such as Humphrey Davy. But the quintessential inspiration for gothic novel has to be Walpole's 'The Castle of Otranto' as "The Spirit of enquiry which Walpole introduced was rather frivolous though pleasing. The spawn is in every novel shop". Catherine Hodgkinson Gothic Essay 1 1 ...read more.

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