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Jekyll and Hyde

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Introduction

Jekyll and Hyde Essay In this essay I will be writing about how Stevenson presents themes in the novella Jekyll and Hyde. I will be writing about how duality is presented in the novella through the differences between Jekyll and Hyde. Stevenson had an ambition to write about duality of human nature and link it with good and evil. Firstly, the theme of duality is presented through the use of pathetic fallacy. In chapter 4 pathetic fallacies was used to show the elements of good and evil. When "the fog rolled in", it suggests that the fog surrounds Hyde because he is evil. The fog creates a nightmarish atmosphere. It also suggests that something mysterious and hidden is about to happen. However, the weather changes when they describe Carew. The use of weather shows that Carew is in the right when "the moon shone on his face as he spoke". Before Hyde murdered Carew the sky was "cloudless", but when the murder was just about to happen, "the fog rolled in". The fog warns the reader that something ominous or sinister will happen. Other readers may think that the fog is just an extra feature to fill in with the murder. This novella would have been more horrific and shocking to a Victorian reader. This is because in the 1880s they were not used to the "ferocity" of Carew's death. ...read more.

Middle

This may suggest that on the outside everyone is good but on the inside they have a bad side. This represents duality between Jekyll and Hyde. The structure of this book is very unusual because when Jekyll dies we hear his point of view. We hear his point of view due to the fact that he is the only one in the whole novella that has the knowledge of what is actually going on between himself and Hyde. He also knows what he is trying to prove by doing this suicidal experiment. Most of the novella is told from Mr Utterson's side of the story. This is because we know that he is trustworthy and we will believe everything he says. Stevenson uses Utterson as the main narrator because he doesn't have much knowledge of what is going on just like the reader. The effect of this style of narration is that it makes us think in different ways of what is happening in the story just like how we think in different ways over Jekyll and Hyde. Stevenson makes us trust Utterson by saying that he is "loveable" and respects his friends. Whereas, he makes us feel no sympathy for Hyde by describing him as a "satin" and he made his reputation bad for the whole book by "trampling" a little girl in the beginning. ...read more.

Conclusion

Or it may mean that he doesn't want anyone to catch him in the act. It makes the reader keep a bad vibe around Hyde throughout the whole book. The Victorian audience had a lot of different views of what we have today. They believed that if a person was deformed or ugly in appearance this was an outward or physical reflection of their inner self. So when they say that sir Danvers has a "pretty manner of politeness", it implies that he is an upper class man and has very good manners. This also shows that he is good rather than evil. So Victorian readers must have thought that he was a real gentleman and he was wealthy. On the other hand Hyde was "deformed" so he must have been evil. Also he doesn't have very good manners because he didn't respond when Carew greeted him and "bowed" before him. To conclude I believe that this novella's message is that everyone is a hypocrite because they know that they have another side to their personality but they do not use it. Another message is that you should never trust someone you think you know very well. Utterson shouldn't have trusted Jekyll. The only person in the novella who wasn't a hypocrite was Hyde because he freed himself from the Victorian tradition. All the themes in this novella represent duality between Jekyll and Hyde. Stevenson wants the reader to question themselves. After reading this we should consider how we judge people. ...read more.

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