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Jekyll and hyde. Robert Louis Stevenson wrote 'Jekyll and Hyde' to convey his thoughts and theory on the human mind and the divided self

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Robert Louis Stevenson's Views on the Human Psyche Robert Louis Stevenson wrote this novel in part to present his views on Human personality. Explain how he uses metaphors, setting, motifs and themes to present his views on the human psyche. Robert Louis Stevenson wrote 'Jekyll and Hyde' to convey his thoughts and theory on the human mind and the divided self. Robert Louis Stevenson describes his views on the human psyche through setting, motifs and themes and metaphors. He uses setting a lot to convey good and evil and our inner self. Robert Louis Stevenson uses setting to create atmosphere in 'Jekyll and Hyde'. 'Jekyll and Hyde' is set in two contrasting houses in London. Jekyll's house is a bright, grand and light house. Hyde's small cabinet is down a dark, secluded and foreboding alleyway, but the two houses are joined with Hyde's being hidden at the back and repressed. Jekyll's house represents the exterior and predominant good side of him, while Hyde's cabinet represents the less apparant hidden dark side of Jekyll. In the first chapter Stevenson describes the bright and colourful shop fronts, in a dirty back street alley in London, but as you go on you enter the dark alleyway behind the shops full of run down buildings. ...read more.


Light has always represented goodness with Jesus being the light of the world and Heaven being light whereas Hell is dark, underground and for the evil people. Robert Louis Stevenson compares Hyde to Satan, the king of hell. Robert Louis Stevenson writes '...mournful reinvasion of darkness, like a district of some city in a nightmare...'(Stevenson, 32) this is how Stevenson describes Soho, like Hyde. Hyde is the nightmare inside Jekyll and Soho is turned into a dangerous place when Jekyll's evil is set free at night. The other central motif that Stevenson uses throughout the book is hidden objects, which clearly represent Hyde is the inner hidden self of Jekyll, which constantly battles against Jekyll to let him out not only under the cover of darkness. Jekyll has to constantly repress Hyde and keep him hidden, Hyde's name sounds like 'hide', therefore representing him being hidden behind the door in the cabinet and behind the mask of Jekyll. The Cabinet hides things like Hyde when Jekyll got stuck in Hyde and wasn't able to get to Jekyll he had to hide in the dark cabinet. ...read more.


Robert Louis Stevenson uses the street to represent this '...The street shone out in contrast to its dingy neighbourhood, like a fire in a forest...'(Stevenson, 10) The good of the shining street is the bit of good in the dark, evil town. By the end of the book Hyde takes over Jekyll. Jekyll realizes in his statement at the end that it is too late and Hyde takes his good part over. '...The powers of Hyde seemed to grow with the sickliness of Jekyll...'(Stevenson, 86) Hyde is growing inside Jekyll and Jekyll becomes his worse self. Stevenson chose Jekyll and Hyde's names carefully as they to represent evil and hiding. 'Je' means 'I' in French and kyll sounds like 'kill', so it suits Jekyll because he kills people as Hyde and eventually kills himself. Stevenson shows his views of the divided self and inner evil through Hyde being inside Jekyll and always being hidden inside him and in darkness. As we hide our bad inner personality. Stevenson also shows that if we let our evil side out too much, we either get addicted to it, or it powers over us and takes over our good side, which is what happened to Jekyll as Hyde from his escaped hiding place and took over Jekyll. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jenny Allan 10MF 04/07/2007 ...read more.

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