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John Keats-Ode To Autumn

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Introduction

John Keats-Ode To Autumn This is the last poem Keats wrote and is an ode, which is a lyric poem addressed to a person or thing and deals with one main idea. The romantic poets like Wordsworth, Shelley and Keats used this form of poem a lot. The Romantics wrote of many things in their poems and believed their emotions and their imagination were very important. In this poem the main subject is autumn which Keats relates to love, death and immortality (Romantics were interested in these areas). He describes Autumn's rich images and uses them as symbols for his own feelings. Keats uses a mature language to convey a 'Romantics' view of Autumn and nature. In the first stanza we are straight away led into the idea of something which is warm, pleasant, smooth and full of richness - autumn.. The word autumn is never used except in the title so we only know it's autumn because of the way Keats paints us a picture with words. With words like "mellow" and "fruitfulness" being used. ...read more.

Middle

Keats in this stanza represents Autumn as a person or spirit using words such as 'seated', 'sleeping 'and 'watching' which are all things one does. For example, in the lines "Sometimes whoever seeks abroad may find, Thee sitting careless on a granary floor, Thy hair soft-lifted ..." Keats clearly shows autumn as a person, using the pronoun "thee" and words such as "careless" which can only apply to people. Another example is when he writes: "Steady thy laden head across a brook; Or by a cider -press with patient look" with the word "patient" clearly a human quality. This personification is very good at getting across the feeling of an autumn day - the furrows are "half-reaped" - there is a "winnowing wind" but it is not cold and bitter like winter because he writes "they hair soft lifted by the winnowing wind". In this second stanza, he also shows what Autumn has and brings - its characteristics and occupations. This stanza has a feeling of contentment and yet impermanence, the cider reaches its "last oozings" and the harvest is finishing "...while thy hook spares the next swath...". ...read more.

Conclusion

I like his description of how the sinking sun touches "the stubble-plains with rosy hue". The last five lines in the stanza stand out with sounds combining to give a low drone and feeling of time. The stanza gives a feeling of rising and falling in comparative ways as it leads into winter - a cold and dark month. The swallows are gathering getting ready to leave for warmer countries and the clouds "bloom the soft dying day" . The winter relates to Keats as he was near death and I'm sure he thought very deeply as he wrote the last stanza. The whole poem presents a different and very imaginative view of nature. The poem has a varied rhythm similar to a sonnet and it is very interesting how the poem is still full of richness even thought only one simile was used "..like a gleaner...". This poem shows Keats as a Romantic and shows his skill at describing his life in terms of nature and at the same time bringing to life a picture of an English autumn. ...read more.

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