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Julius Caesar - Act IV

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Introduction

Julius Caesar - Act IV Amanda Daniels Scene i 1. At the beginning of scene one, the triumvirate is deciding who they want to die. "These many, then, shall die: their names are prick'd." This shows how cruel these three men are and that Rome is certainly worse off than when Caesar was alive. Lepidus does not even care that Antony and Octavius want his brother to die. "[Lepidus'] brother too must dies, consent you, Lepidus?" "[Lepidus] [does] consent." They triumvirate is also discussing what they should do with Caesar's will. They want to alter the will by reducing the bequest or eliminating some of the heirs. "Lepidus, go...to Caesar's house, fetch the will hither, and we shall determine how to cut off some charge in legacies." The nature of their rule is bloody and absolute. The opening of this scene depicts the triumvirate as being greedy and heartless. 2. Antony, Octavius and Lepidus want Caesar's will so that they can alter it by reducing the bequests or eliminating some of the heirs. "Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine how to cut off some charge in legacies." This is ironic because when Antony makes the funeral speech, he uses the will to inspire the angry mob, and now, for the second time, he is going to use it to his advantage. ...read more.

Middle

"In [Brutus'] tent, Cassius, enlarge your griefs." He also orders Lucius and Titinius to stand guard outside the tent, which would enable them to hear the war of words clearly. "Lucius and Titinius guard our door." Scene iii 1. Cassius says that Brutus has wronged him by publicly disgracing him for marketing official positions like merchandise. "That [Brutus] [has] wrong'd [Cassius] doth appear like this: [Brutus] [has] condemn'd and note Lucius Pella for taking bribes here of the Sardians." Brutus feels differently about the issue. Since he is noble and honest, he thinks that it is Cassius' own fault for taking bribes in the first place. "[Cassius] wrong'd [himself] to write in such a case...to sell and mart [the] official positions for gold to undeservers." Brutus insists that the guilty should be punished; that is why they killed Caesar. "Did not great Julius bleed for justice sake?" 2. In response, Brutus condemns Cassius for being greedy. "Cassius, [is]...much condemn'd to have and itching palm; to sell and mart [the] offices for gold to undeservers." Cassius has been accepting payment for position, always trying to fill his hand with gold. "An itching palm." ...read more.

Conclusion

Brutus feels that now is the best time to strike, however Cassius has a different opinion... 9. Cassius does not want to go directly to Philippi. He believes that "'tis better the enemy seek [them]: so shall he waste his means, weary his soldiers, doing himself offence." His strategy is to tire out the enemy so that they have the upper hand, being well-rested, when they go to battle. "Whilst we, lying still, are full of rest, defence, and nimbleness." Cassius' strategy is a good one, and they would have had a much better chance of defeating Antony and Octavius if Cassius hadn't agreed with Brutus. "Then, with [Brutus'] will, go on; we'll along ourselves, and meet them at Philippi." This is another fatal error on Brutus' part. 10. Brutus decides to speed up his plans after his encounter with Caesar's ghost. The ghost says that he has comes "to tell thee thou shalt see [the ghost] at Philippi." This encounter with the supernatural has made Brutus want to talk to the "evil spirit" again. "[Brutus] will see thee at Philippi...ill spirit, [Brutus] would hold more to talk with thee." It is ironic that the spirit of Caesar lives on, because Brutus said he would rather change Caesar's spirit than kill him. "O that we could come by Caesar's spirit, and not dismember Caesar." ...read more.

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