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King lear

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Introduction

King lear The Protagonist of King Lear spends much of the play ' not in (his) perfected mind.' How does Shakespeare present madness in the play and how does the theme contribute to the dramatic Impact? " Tis the times plague when madmen lead the blind." Madness can be associated with different meanings; in king Lear there are different levels of madness, which challenge the stereotypical view. For example, Shakespeare uses Lear, the central protagonist of the play; to portray insane madness to the audience, where as Mad tom is portrayed as fake madness. If you go beyond the mental madness, and associate the word madness, it could lead to chaos and corruption, which could be on a personal level or as a social. Madness is the main theme of the play and Shakespeare also uses motifs to help develop and inform the major theme of madness. Dramatic impacts are the things that evoke reactions from audience. Most of these dramatic scenes are related to the theme of madness; from the opening scene where the kingdom is split up to going out into the storm. Shakespeare has used two main plots to effect so that one mirrors another. In one plot its Lear and his daughters, and the other is about Gloucester and his sons. That is the main structure, which Shakespeare has used to write this play. The madness shown in the play is based around the character King Lear, and Shakespeare uses this character and the interaction with other characters to drive the theme of madness. The first signs of madness from the character "King Lear" are in the opening scene where Lear divides up his kingdom between his three daughters, depending if they say they love him or not. ...read more.

Middle

This show that Lear has realised what he has become. Lear has gone from being the most powerful person king of England, to a poor old man in a short space of time, shown by the association from the word madness, which leads to corruptions and dysfunction. This is one of the main scenes and is dramatic in its approach, so it gets across the message that Lear is finally using his madness to rediscover his sanity. Shakespeare introduces this change in Lear's mind in act 3. This scene makes him care about people and the state that he has left the country in, when he talks to Mad Tom, and sees him as a reflection of himself. The audience realise this when he is put in prison with his daughter Cordelia and realises his mistakes about splitting up the kingdom. The audience realise his insanity because he is glad that he is in prison, which is not a normal attitude to have, so that he can be with his daughter Cordelia and makes him feel safe because he is away from society and his daughter cant harm him any more. During the storm scenes Kent still respects Lear and remains his loyal servant, as did Gloucester who also took Lear side early on, which could be seen as a great risk as Lear didn't have the most power but people still relate Lear as the King, because the sisters had no ambition for the country just to have power. Even when Lear is going through the worst stages of his breakdown, people still relate to him as king. ...read more.

Conclusion

starts to regain his sanity, but is still slightly confused, and finally he regains his sanity when he finds Cordelia again in Jail, by now the damaged is already done. " O, I have ta'en too little care of this." This shows that Lear has realize what mistakes he has made and has changes from the Start because he was taking no responsibility for his actions. The audience could hint from the opening scene that the decision to take was a mad one and this was backed up by a series of mad events and speeches. . King Lear critics have been analysing the play. John C McCloskey examines the association of images from the world of " animals, insects and finally rage in act three. The imagery changes to reflect he increasing intensity of his moods and to underscore the theme of unnaturalness. Kenneth Muir, in the first excerpt maintains that Lear attacks hypocrisy and world justice " show profound insight into human condition however the critics cautions readers against assuming that these speeches represent Shakespeare own point of view." William Rosen demonstrates how the focus how the flaws of dramatic interest in king leer shifts from concern with a particular man to such universal issues as justice, order and meaning in the world. Shakespeare uses a range of different types of madness opposing the stereotypical view. The King has paid the price for not being responsible for his actions and causing his madness. Shakespeare added an ending that offered hope despite adversity. Shakespeare also used imagery and symbol to show madness to give the audience an understanding of what it feels like to be Lear ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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