• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ladies and Gentlemen: I am here today to talk about a writer, philosopher and person; Iris Murdoch.

Extracts from this document...


IRIS MURDOCH Ladies and Gentlemen: I am here today to talk about a writer, philosopher and person; Iris Murdoch. Ever since her first book Sartre was published in 1953 she has been the subject of discussion and now, even after her death she's still praised, and recently a biographical film of her life (Iris) was released with Kate Winslet. Over 40 years she wrote 26 novels, the last one was published just before her death in 1999 from the memory disease Alzheimer's. OK, I'm going to need some volunteers. (get a big bloke to be Iris Murdoch and others to hold up things and explain what they are) Iris Murdoch was born in Dublin. Her mother was Irish, and had trained as an opera singer. ...read more.


In 1948 she was elected a fellow of St. Anne's College, Oxford, where she worked as a tutor until 1963. Her first published work was a critical study SARTRE, ROMANTIC RATIONALIST (1953). Her great love was a Czech Jewish poet and polymath called Franz Steiner, who died of a heart attack in 1952 - in her arms, according to his friend Elias Canetti. Although she had an affair with Canetti she married John Bayley, who was six years younger. He became a professor of English at Oxford and also published fiction. Iris never took any interest in children; she had some affairs, which Bayley tolerated in the otherwise happy marriage of two scholars. However, they shared one passion, swimming, which they practised whenever they had an opportunity to plunge into water. ...read more.


Although this book may sound rather boring, the complexities of her characters and the style in which the book is constructed made it so popular that the story was later televised on BBC1. Murdoch published over twenty novels. In her early works, such as THE SANDCASTLE (1957), the books are generally short. Her later works are large, over 500 pages in length. During the last years of her life she was reported to have become like "a very nice 3-year-old," as her husband described her. Murdoch died in Oxford on February 8, 1999. In his memoir Elegy for Iris John Bayley portrays lovingly but unsentimentally. "She was a superior being, and I knew that superior beings just did not have the kind of mind that I had." Murdoch's benevolent personality was not broken by her disease. In Iris and Her Friends: A Memoir of Memory and Desire (1999) Bayley continued to write about his wife lovingly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Aldous Huxley section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Aldous Huxley essays

  1. Case study of a child with Autism.

    He has learnt this entire list by heart, and can tell you what the top twenty records where on any particular date. Although he has mastered simple social pleasantries, he still finds social gatherings very difficult, and always ends up on the periphery of any group.

  2. How does the film Witness show the clash between Amish culture and modern American ...

    It is positioned in a mist which provokes a sinister and dangerous feeling. The final image of John is of him driving back into the "real world" again past the dovecote that he has now fully repaired. This use of the camera informs us that the modern American, Book's departure returns the community to its former tranquillity and routine.

  1. Aldous Huxley's Brave New World presents a portrait of a society which is apparently ...

    In the World State, not only are the old books gone, the new ones are also censored. The World Controller residing over Western Europe writes, after reviewing a book, "...The author's...conception of purpose is novel and highly ingenious, but heretical and...dangerous and potentially subversive...Not to be published ...The author will be kept under supervision" (Huxley, 160).

  2. 'The Crucible' is a play written by Arthur Miller in 1953.

    John emphasises this by saying "an everlasting funeral marches around your heart". By using this metaphor, he tells of how Elizabeth has not witnessed any kind of happiness in her heart, as if she was "mourning" something. During the argument, John is very forceful and wants to remain in control,

  1. Who's Irish?

    He digs holes, climes in them and there he throws piles of wet sand and his mother. One day Sophie climbed into the foxhole that was dug out and waited for her grandmother to call for her. With that, she threw a huge wet pile of sand on her clean clothes.

  2. The Elephant Man - film review.

    This scene shows us finally just how shocking he looks like, and how people react when they see him. In the first part of the film, the director wants to portray The Elephant Man as a monster, we see now that the directory is starting to show him as a

  1. Throughout The Crucible the visual effects of the play indicate a lot about the ...

    Proctor - 'For a moment, aye.' Elizabeth - 'Do as you wish then...I see what I see John.' This passage shows the real reason why Elizabeth has been so abrupt with John; she thinks John went into Salem to meet Abby. This thought means that she loses all faith in John and thinks that he may restart the affair with Abby.

  2. Brave New World- Style and Technique Analysis

    John uses Shakespeare to represent humanity. It is what he knows and thinks society is supposed to look like. However, when he realizes it is not like Shakespeare, he starts to become suicidal.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work