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London Docklands

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Introduction

LONDON DOCKLANDS COURSEWORK London Docklands In this investigation I will be investigating if the hypothesis is True or False and justify why. Hypothesis: "All members of the community benefited 'equally' from the redevelopment of London's docklands" Introduction: My investigation is to investigate and justified whether or not the 'hypothesis' is true or false backing this up with results. In this investigation I will be doing the following to decide whether or not the hypothesis: "All members if the community benefited 'equally' from the redevelopment of London's docklands" Location: London Docklands is in the East end of London-England, UK (Most Economic Developed Country). London Docklands is an area of eight-and-a-half square miles stretching across parts of the East End Boroughs of Southwark, Tower Hamlets and Newham, stretching from the north of the river Thames,-Tower Bridge to Beckton, ending in the South of the River- from London Bridge to Surrey. Why did London grow as a trading centre? London grew as a trading centre because of the First World War. During the First World War, the British Empire were conquering and expanding the Empire. As the Empire grew, the trading market grew; this was because Britain was expanding their trade with the rest of the Empire, importing and exporting goods such as; gold, slaves, coal, food stuff. Therefore Britain became the main trader in all the trade taking place; and as London had the ideal location for trading (near the River Thames) ...read more.

Middle

* It became expensive to trade in London they found another locations to trade their goods besides London The docks developed problems with the demand of the increasing of trade in the docks; here is the list of the problems: * Docks wasn't large enough to accommodate large Ships docking in the docks as well as the amount of ships, the docks became over congested. * There was a lack of safe storage for the goods. * Some of the docks were bombed in World War 2 and destroyed. * Over-charging taxes of the ships docking in Docklands. What happened after the Docks closed? When the docks closed it caused a 'negative multiplier affect', this affected not only the dock workers but the whole community and businesses. Many of the people living in Docklands were dock workers, and with the Docks closed, the dock workers had no jobs and were unemployed receiving no efficient income to support their family, resulting to poverty. The closure of the docks made the whole Docklands community poor because they had no money. No money meant that they could not purchase goods such as food and clothes. Then because people were too poor to afford anything, businesses were losing customers and their income and so had to close. With the businesses closed, the suppliers to these businesses lost money. ...read more.

Conclusion

The government came into action and set-up an organisation called the 'LDDC' (London Docklands Development Corporation), established on 2 July 1981, under provision of the Local Government and the Planning and Land Act 1980 due to the response to the severe decline in the physical, economic and social damage caused to Docklands by the closure of London docks. Statistics: The wrecked economy by the closure of the docks: * The population of London Docklands fell by 20% between 1971 and 1981. * The unemployment rate in London Docklands in 1981 was 17.8%. * In the three years 1978-1981, 10,000 jobs were lost in London Docklands. * In 1981, 60% of the area was derelict, vacant or under-used. The LDDC were to bring the following back to the London Docklands area: What have the LDDC have done this by: Bringing land and buildings to use. Buying up and selling land. LDDC redeveloped old buildings into new. Encouraging the development of the industry and employment. Advertising to attract firms and businesses, creating an 'Enterprise Zone' where new firms can set up work for least five years without paying RATES, this created new jobs in the area. Creating an attractive environment. Planted trees and plants, cleared waste land and put wasted land to use. Providing essential services. Built and set-up new roads, Bridges, Airport and Docklands Light Rail, schools, colleges, health clinics, dental practice Making sure housing and social facilities were available to people living and working in the area. Building houses, leisure centres, shopping centres, parks, ...read more.

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