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Look again at chapter 20 in which Frankenstein tells the monster he will not provide him with a female. Then answer the following questions - i) What characteristics of the Monster and Frankenstein does Shelley reveal?

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Look again at chapter 20 in which Frankenstein tells the monster he will not provide him with a female. Then answer the following questions. i) What characteristics of the Monster and Frankenstein does Shelley reveal? ii) How does the language show the tension between Frankenstein and his creation? iii) It has been said that in creating the monster, Frankenstein creates something in many ways like himself. Refer to the novel as a whole. I) Frankenstein and the Monster are characters with broad and diverse characteristics, and throughout the book the reader is always learning more about them. In chapter twenty Victor begins to think what might happen after he finishes his second fiend. He becomes increasingly sickened by the thought of this, and the potential disastrous effects of creating a mate for the monster. It shows a reasoning side of Victor's character that never appeared when creating the monster. "She might become ten thousand times more malignant than her mate and delight, for its own sake, in murder and wretchedness." Victor has felt the impacts of his first monster, and has learnt, that they are hideous creatures, able to destroy the physical lives of many, and the mental lives of others, Victor taking himself into consideration. ...read more.


II) Promises have been broken, men have been slain, and the tension between the creation and the creator is inevitable strong. "He approached me and said in a smothered voice 'you have destroyed the work which you began; what is it that you intend? I have endured misery and toil" The monster shows the anguish he feels, that he may never be saved from solitude. 'Smothered' illustrates to the reader the richness, the unbearable voice that fills the room, inescapable from hearing. This already leads up to the dramatic tension between the characters. The monster begins by giving Victor a way out, the chance for an explanation, yet never allows him to speak, as he knows that she was destroyed on purpose. He explains his feelings, acts immaturely; "do you dare destroy my hopes". It illustrates to the reader the hope that still lives dormant inside the monsters body. "Dare" illustrates to the reader that this is a threat, not just a question, and the anger and tension is already strong between the characters. However Victor is unhurt or nervous about fighting back to his fiend. ...read more.


Women in Frankenstein are generally pure, innocent, and passive. Though there are a few exceptions, such as Caroline Beaufort, who works to support her impoverished father, women are generally seen as kind but powerless. For example, Elizabeth stands up for Justine's innocence but cannot prevent her execution. For both Victor and the monster, woman is the ultimate companion, providing comfort and acceptance. For Victor, Elizabeth proves the sole joy that can alleviate his guilty conscience; similarly, the monster seeks a female of his kind to commiserate with his awful existence. Each eventually destroys the other's love interest, transferring woman's status from object of desire to object of revenge; women thus are never given the opportunity to act on their own. Frankenstein is a gothic novel and a frequent motif in gothic is the double. When Victor refers to the monster as "my own spirit let loose from the grave... forced to destroy all that was dear to me". Victor provides the clearest expression of the view that he and the monster maybe doubles, with the monster acting out Victors own aggressions. In creating the monster, the cultured being let loose the brutal, grotesque self contained within, full of primal emotions, and this monstrous force can be seen as acting out the self-conscious desires of the civilised being. ...read more.

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