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Look at the significance of chapter five to the novel as a whole. Focus on the relevance and effect of writer(TM)s use of language to describe setting, character and what it shows about social and historical influences.

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Introduction

Look at the significance of chapter five to the novel as a whole. Focus on the relevance and effect of writer's use of language to describe setting, character and what it shows about social and historical influences. Frankenstein was written by Mary Shelley in the 19th Century and follows the typical conventions of 19th century prose style. Ostensibly the story is about an autodidact who becomes obsessed with his love for science and his desire to create life. However, the story has several much deeper meanings; warnings to the scientific community; and, as it reflects several incidents throughout Shelley's life; a hidden biographical message. Victor Frankenstein is a student of natural philosophy in Geneva. He builds a creature and gives it life, but the creature is repeatedly rejected by those who see it, and by its parent Victor. The monster proves intelligent and determined, but receiving no love, it grows to be resentful. Frankenstein abandons his creation but then agrees to make a companion for the monster. A wave of regret makes him destroy the female and the lone creature vows revenge. He kills Frankenstein's bride on their wedding night. The scientist is driven to insanity by grief, but recovers and chases the creature across the world. The two confront in the Arctic waste lands where Frankenstein dies and the creature disappears in the wilderness mourning the loss of the man who created him. The novel epitomizes the scientist who experiments first and thinks about the consequences later. In this essay I will focus on Shelley's use of language to establish the novel's context and to describe setting, character and plot. I will also investigate the social and historical influences that were involved in the writing of 'Frankenstein'. Frankenstein was written in the early 19th century, which was the beginning of the Romantic period, also known as the Gothic revival. Writers of this time rejected previous ideas such as reason and enlightenment that prevailed in the previous century, and instead welcomed and embraced spontaneity and emotion. ...read more.

Middle

Mary's rejection by her father obviously affected her writing and the loneliness she felt after her son died is shown through the creature when he has no-one to turn to. The monster is said to be Mary's misery personified. The final theme is the relationship between The creator and a creation. Mary shows that men should not create life as the do not know how to look after a life, and can not cope with the consequences. She tells us that men should leave this particular job to women and God, and should not interfere with it. The novel shows this when Victor does not know what to do once he has created the monster. The creature extends its arms, a sign that most mothers would receive from their new born baby, but Victor misinterprets this action, and assumes that the creature wants to harm him. 'One hand was stretched out, seemingly to detain me.' Shelley subtitled her novel 'The Modern Prometheus'. According to the ancient Greeks Prometheus stole fire from the gods to make tools and warm hearts. Although his intentions were good, the gods decided that he ought to be reprimanded. His punishment was to be chained to a rock, where every day an eagle plucked at his liver. The Greeks realised that this punishment would not actually kill him, as they knew that the liver could repair itself once injured. They chose the punishment to make him an example, and as it meant him suffering, but not dying, prolonging his distress. Frankenstein reflects Prometheus's characteristics with his passion for science and his desire to create and extend life. The monster makes Victor suffer without killing him, in the same way that the gods chose to punish Prometheus. Mary also uses him as an example, for the scientific community, of what could happen if they took human betterment too far. Mary's friend Lord Byron also wrote a poem in 1816 entitled 'Prometheus'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Dark represents evil and that, with the time suggests that something bad is going to happen. The weather, 'the rain pattered dismally on the window pane' and the time of year, 'it was on a dreary night of November' also add to the spooky atmosphere. November represents winter, scary times and death, which also builds suspense. Language also creates sympathy. The story is always told in first person narrative which is very unusual. Each narrator tells his own story. This makes the reader sympathise with them as we feel that they are suffering. Before we hear the monster's story we think of him as an enemy, because we have only heard that side of the account, but after we hear his final speech, we realise that he has suffered the most and has been through more than the others, creating more sympathy for him than for Victor and Walton. Shelley uses an extended vocabulary, elaborated codes and Latinate language to tell the story of Victor Frankenstein. Her writing is also grammatically correct and she does not use split infinitives. This is because she was writing for a very literate and well educated readership. Another typical convention of 19th century prose is the use of a dual narrative; in this particular case, Robert Walton, an explorer who is in the middle of a journey to discover the passage to the North Pole, is the first narrator and is writing a series of letters to his sister in England. Walton is originally from England and as the majority of the readers would be English, the reader can relate to him and trust him. This helps the reader to believe Frankenstein's otherwise far-fetched tale. We, the audience, suspend our disbelief and trust that Frankenstein is telling the truth because Walton believes him. Although the novel was written 200 years ago, people can still identify with the story and can apply the morals to their lives. This is why it is still so popular and is also what makes it a classic. ?? ?? ?? ?? Meghan Roberts ...read more.

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