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Looking in particular at Act 3, Scene 5, discuss how Shakespeare uses language to create different atmospheres, thus adding to

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Introduction

Looking in particular at Act 3, Scene 5, discuss how Shakespeare uses language to create different atmospheres, thus adding to the audience's appreciation of the play. Refer also to the social, cultural and historical aspects of the scene and the play in general. 'Romeo and Juliet' is a tragedy about forbidden love between two young people from rival, feuding families: 'the Montagues and the Capulets'. Romeo and Juliet meet and instantly fall instantly in love before finding out each others true identities (i.e. from the rival families) and they promise to marry. However, after the wedding, Tybalt, Juliet's cousin, tries to get Romeo to fight him. He will not and Mercutio, Romeo's best friend, ends up being killed by Tybalt. Consequently, Romeo kills Tybalt in a fury for revenge. When this is discovered, Romeo is banished from Verona. Juliet learns that that her father, Lord Capulet, has arranged for her to marry Count Paris, but Juliet refuses. She goes to the Friar, who offers her a potion to make her appear dead for 42 hours so she can escape to Mantua to avoid the wedding and can be with Romeo. Friar Lawrence sends a message to Romeo to tell him the plan, but it does not reach him. Romeo hears that Juliet is dead, so he buys some poison and goes to see her. He drinks the poison and dies just before Juliet wakes up. Then she stabs herself and dies next to Romeo. The Friar and the two families find them dead together and they end up reconciling; the feud is finally ended. The story of 'Romeo and Juliet' was taken from the poem 'the tragical history of Romeus and Juliet' by Arthur Brooke (1562), though the original story may be derived from the Greek author, Xenophon. 'Romeo and Juliet' was published in quartos form in 1597, so it was probably written a few years prior to this date. ...read more.

Middle

However, while talking to her mother, she tells her: 'Ay, madam, from the reach of these my hands: Would none but I might venge my cousins death!' Her mother wants to kill Romeo and get revenge for Tybalt's death; however, she does not seem to notice that parts of her daughter's speech could be more to do with love for Romeo than hate. For example: 'Indeed, I never shall be satisfied With Romeo, till I behold him-dead-' The obvious interpretation by her mother is that she wants him dead, because of the death of Tybalt. It could also mean, to us, the audience, that she won't be happy unless she is with Romeo and keeps to her marriage vows, in the sense of staying with Romeo until death. However, most of her speech just seems to keep up the pretence and she pretends to hate the name of Romeo. Again, Shakespeare has used dramatic irony, since we have an insight behind Juliet's words to her mother with relevance to Romeo. Also, the audience feel more sadness for Juliet, as she has lost her cousin and can not see her husband, and is unlikely to see him again. To add to this, she can not even talk to anyone, not even her family, about this. There is now a change in the dialogue. Lady Capulet changes the conversation to a topic that she believes will make Juliet happy. The only reason Lady Capulet came to Juliet's bedroom was to inform her of her arranged marriage to Paris to take place on Thursday. Lady Capulet thinks this is exciting news and that Juliet should also be excited and happy, as: 'The County Paris, at Saint Peter's Church, Shall happily make thee there a joyful bride.' However, there is now tension between the two, as Juliet tells her mother that she does not want to marry Paris. ...read more.

Conclusion

She tries to steer Juliet in another direction for dramatic purposes. Juliet now feels betrayed by the Nurse and develops a much lower respect for her than previously, as she has just insulted her husband; she feels abandoned by her friend. She pretends to be comforted and convinced by the Nurse, and tells her that she will confess to the Friar and will marry Paris. The Nurse leaves and Juliet reveals her true feelings in a powerful soliloquy: 'Ancient damnation! O most wicked fiend! Is it more sin to wish me thus forsworn, Or to dispraise my lord with that same tongue Which she hath praised him with above compare So many thousand times? Go, counsellor; Thou and my bosom henceforth shall be twain. I'll to the friar, to know his remedy: If all else fail, myself have power to die.' The use of exclamations by Shakespeare shows the anger of Juliet. She now thinks the Nurse is hypocritical, since previously, she had praised Romeo and thought him a good person. But now, she has turned around and contradicted everything she had said! She does not know whether the Nurse asking her to break her marriage vows is the greater sin, or the sin of the Nurse's hypocritical words. Juliet decides that she can no longer trust the Nurse with anything, and decides to seek guidance from Friar Lawrence, and if he won't help, the only way for her is to take her own life. Juliet is obviously isolated and depressed/ suicidal. The audience feel for her, as she is clearly desperate to be with Romeo, as he appears to be the only person she can rely on, in her eyes. Shakespeare created many different atmospheres between the characters in this scene. There is a nice romantic scene with Romeo and Juliet. However, when he leaves, the atmosphere turns sadder. The main one is anger throughout the bulk of the scene, between Capulet and Juliet when she refuses to marry. At the end of the scene, there is a feeling of sadness, betrayal and loneliness. Carrie Friedle Shakespeare essay - 1 - ...read more.

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