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Lord of the Flies

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Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel about a group of boys stranded on the island without any adults. The story is written in the third person perspective and is focused on the characters Ralph, Jack, Piggy and Simon. In the novel, there is a mention of different types of governments with Ralph trying to rule a democratic society and Jack against him. In my speech today, I am going to talk about the society the boys create on the island and how they resemble the different forms of government in the real world. I am also going to mention about how symbols in the novel can show the break down of government. Firstly, I am going to discuss about the characters in the novel and what they represent. Ralph, the first chief on the island, is a twelve year old boy that is respect by everyone on the island in the beginning. He values democracy in society and has strong moral instincts. On the other hand, Jack is a physical character who uses force to command fear from other characters. He is a typical bully and leads the boys from civilised people to savages. Jack believes in evicting those who oppose against him to get what he wants. ...read more.


In a democratic society, laws are made so that a community can endeavour to live peacefully together. Ralph is presented as a rational character but he does not realize that not everyone in society follows rules, which causes him in the end to be haunted by Jack. He has a loyal group of supporters initially, but gradually his support decreases until he is alone being hunted by the others at the end. "Wait a minute! I mean, who built all three? We all built the first one, four of us the second one, and me n'Simon built the last one over there. That's why it's so tottery. No. Don't laugh. " As he goes on talking, there would always be some arguments. "That's dirty!" Laughter rose again. "I said that's dirty!" A mistake in Ralph's way of governing is that he does not realize that in order for people to work, there has to be something in return. In a democratic society, in order to survive, it is necessary to work hard and contribute something in society for return. It is similar on the island. In order to have shelter, water and food, everyone has to contribute. The problem is that as time goes by, the littluns realises that fun is much more important than work. ...read more.


As the conch becomes a lighter colour, Simon dies. When the conch has reached a white colour, and is unable to change its colour, its breaks and Piggy dies at the same time. "The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee; the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist. Piggy, saying nothing, with no time for even a grunt, travelled through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went." The symbolic meaning of Piggy dying and the conch breaking at the same time is because Piggy represents the knowledge and morality on the island. Without both the conch and Piggy, Ralph is very vulnerable which results in him being chased by everyone in the ending. The society created by the characters in Lord of the Flies is very similar to the real world. Since Golding wrote this in 1954, 9 years after World War II, there is quite a resemblance to what happened before then. Jack's way of controlling the other characters on the island is similar to Hitler's, by making promises and giving some forms of benefits to their people. The way Lord of the Flies ended is also similar to the way World War II ended. World War II ended when the US stepped it and the battle in Lord of the Flies ended when an officer came on the island to rescue them. ...read more.

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