• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lord of the Flies

Extracts from this document...


Lord of the Flies In this essay I aim to analyse the following aspects of "Lord of the Flies" by William Golding: character relationships, mainly Jack and Ralph's relationship, the island and its part in the novel, theme and the way Golding chooses to present the island. The opening chapter of "Lord of the Flies" is important because it sets the scene and atmosphere on the island in the novel. William Golding, the author of "Lord of the Flies", is very descriptive and writes about the island in much detail, with descriptions such as, "The shore was fledged with palm trees. These stood or leaned or reclined against the light, and their green feathers were a hundred feet in the air." This is a description of the shore in the first chapter. From this alone an image of the island's shore can be formed, setting the scene of the novel. The situation the boys are in is also mentioned in the first chapter, through character dialogue, how the boys are alone on the island with no adults and no form of civilisation at the start, and how that there was a plane crash and they are the only survivors of the crash. The plane had presumably been shot down and crashed on an island in the Pacific. It is hinted that the rest of the world is at war, and that most of it has been destroyed by nuclear attacks-possibly explaining that the children were being evacuated, "didn't you hear what the pilot said? About the atom bomb? They're all dead." This proves there was some sort of nuclear attack, so presumably there was a war going on. In the first chapter, we meet all of the main characters in the novel, Ralph, Piggy, Jack, Simon, Roger and Samneric. We also learn quite a bit about each character through their dialogue and through Golding's descriptions. ...read more.


They are aware of the potential friction between them. When Jack and his choir leave the fire building to hunt, a "barrier" grows between Ralph and Jack. They successfully bring back a dead sow, but during the chase the fire goes out and a ship sails by. Ralph is furious that they weren't there to help keep the fire going, then the ship may have seen the smoke and the boys would have been rescued. The idea of the beast keeps Ralph and Jack together as a team for longer than they may have been otherwise. Both fear the beast. A discussion about what to do about the beast rages out of control and turns into a shouting match between Ralph and Jack, ending with Jack shouting "Bollocks to the rules!". This shows that Jack is undermining Ralph's authority and is encouraging others to do the same, His slang language shows lack of respect for the order that Ralph is struggling to keep up. Overall Jack rejects Ralph's rule entirely. At the next assembly he says "I'm not going to play any longer". This expression indicates that Jack is quite immature: he still sees life on the island as a "game". This is when Jack goes off to start his own tribe, when the major rift between Jack and Ralph is formed. In the end, Ralph and Jack are deadly enemies, Jack even hunts down Ralph at the very end of the novel, after the death of Piggy, like Ralph is a sow and Jack and his tribe are the hunters. Roger and Simon are a part of Jacks choir, but are totally different from each other. Roger represents evil, as he kills Piggy in a ruthless way. He is also described at the start as "a slight furtive boy" but later on is described as "something foreboding." At first he seemed a quiet and animal-like boy, but later he is described as something "foreboding" which means "a sense of evil or misfortune", but can also mean "an evil omen", which shows he is evil and symbolises the devil. ...read more.


The dramatic change of description from early on in the novel, to near the end shows that the mood of the story changes from a good mood, to a bad mood. Another thing that is described differently at different stages of the novel is the lagoon. At first it is described as, "inside was peacock water, rocks and weed showing as in an aquarium," but then is later described as, "The swell...seemed like the breathing of some stupendous creature." From a pleasant imagery, to horrid simile describing the lagoon as some sort of "creature." I believe Golding wrote this novel to show people that we are all capable of unthinkable things. After the first chapter I want to read on and find out what happens in the rest of the novel. Later on in the novel the mood changes from a relaxed atmosphere, where the boys can have fun without any adults or civilisation, to a tense and thrilling atmosphere, with Jack and his tribe reigning terror over the island. The descriptions of the island go from descriptions representing paradise, to descriptions more related to hell as the novel progresses. One question I would like to ask William Golding is, "Is this novel based more on your personal opinion or more of what you thought people thought at the time you wrote it?", to find out whether the story is more based on his personal opinion or not. The way the first chapter ends, with Jack failing to kill the first pig, but ready to kill next time, leaves me wanting to read on because this is a sure sign that Jack is changing, turning into more of a savage without a conscience to kill the pig. The phrase, "next time there will be no mercy," is what draws me to read on. A next time? This must mean something is going to happen later on and Golding is hinting at that to make the reader carry on reading. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE William Golding section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE William Golding essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Read the passages in Chapter 3 where Jack and Simon are each in the ...

    5 star(s)

    Simon's eyes are said to be "so bright they had deceived Ralph into thinking him delightfully gay and wicked." Although both sets of eyes are said to be bright, Jack's depict anger and Simon's deceive others so they do not see his true character.

  2. Themes, Motifs, and Symbols - Themes are the fundamental concepts addressed and explored in ...

    The war is also responsible for the boys' crash landing on the island in the first place, because enemy aircraft gunned down their transport plane. Now the war is responsible for another important development in their lives. The air battle above the island results in Sam and Eric's encounter with

  1. Analysis of Lord of the Flies.

    They have not done anything required of them: they refuse to work at building shelters, they do not gather drinking water, they neglect the signal fire, and they do not even use the designated toilet area. He restates the importance of the signal fire and attempts to allay the group's growing fear of beasts and monsters.

  2. Lord of the flies - Referring to three episodes in the novel, analyse the ...

    The butterflies, which stand for hope and peace, are replaced by flies which are dirty, it has become tainted. The hunt is described with sexual imagery, as if it were a rape, 'the sow collapsed under them and they were heavy and fulfilled upon her', 'Jack was on top of the sow', 'wedded to her in lust'.

  1. At one stage Ralph asks Piggy "What makes things break up the way they ...

    'Taken away its life like a long satisfying drink' When both Piggy and Simon are murdered, the words that Jack said when the boys first ended up on the island are brought back and seem so ironic: "'After all, we're not savages.

  2. Compare and contrast the characters of Ralph and Jack - How do their characters ...

    The boys become out of control and Jack does nothing to try and stop it, instead he joins in. Simon then stumbles out of the jungle and in a fit of insanity the boys believe him to be the beast and 'at once the crowd surged after it'.

  1. Explore the different types of leadership Golding and Garland present in Lord of the ...

    In the first chapter of Lord of the Flies a group of English boys discover an uninhabited tropical island, after their plane crashed, which killed all the adults on board. The first character the reader meets is Ralph, who Golding describes as the tall boy with "fair hair," and then

  2. The relationship between Jack and Ralph, and how it develops throughout the play Lord ...

    The group split and half of the boys go of with Ralph. This happened for one main reason. When Ralph was appointed as leader he wasn't strong and firm enough with the boys. This meant the boys didn't learn to respect him and when another offer of leadership came along they took it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work