• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lord of the Flies In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two tribes(TM). What factors led to this split?

Extracts from this document...


Topic: In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two 'tribes'. What factors led to this split? Intro OS Th.S BP1 method Method Method Method BP2 Conc. 'Lord of the Flies' by William Golding was published in 1954 after Golding's experiences in WWII. The novel deals with a group of British school boys who are evacuated out of England by plane to escape a fictional atomic war. Their plane crashes on an island in the Pacific and the boys are forced to survive until they are rescued. In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two 'tribes'. In addition to the conflicting personalities of the two main characters, an overall psychological decline also occurs as some boys slowly choose to follow their instincts in preference to order. These two factors cause the group to become divided. From early in the novel a conflict begins to emerge between Ralph and Jack over the issue of leadership. The first sign of Ralph's leadership potential is his physical comfort and relaxed attitude on the island. ...read more.


However, Jack is more concerned with his macho pride in killing a pig. This has disastrous consequences in Chapter 4 when a chance of rescue is missed because Jack ordered Sam and Eric away from the signal fire. This event shows that Jack's leadership is short-sighted and only centred on his own glory. Another event which shows their conflicting styles of leadership is in response to the littluns' fear of a "beastie" in Chapter 5. Ralph calls a meeting to try and establish a sense of order and also "Talk about this fear". In contrast, Jack dismisses their fear in a bullying manner. "Anyway, you don't hunt or build or help - you're a bunch of sissies." Jack's bullying nature eventually turns him into a totalitarian leader. Golding uses the connotation of nouns such as "Castle", "throne" and "chief" to reinforce this. When Jack runs off after his failed coup in Chapter 8 he has "tears" his eyes, which indicates his frustration at not being able to assert his power. On the other hand, Ralph's cry of "Jack...No!" indicates that he would prefer a collective, united, cooperative style of organisation. ...read more.


Golding also shows this through the characters' appearance. While Jack eagerly hunts semi-naked on all fours, Ralph shows dislike for his unwashed teeth, torn clothes, dirty nails and tangled hair at the beginning of Chapter 7. I think this shows that Ralph (at least unconsciously) does not want to share in the decline into savagery which he sees among Jack and the hunters. This is shown through his repeated insistence on rules because "That's all we've got." Ralph's attempt to hold onto a sense of moral, civilised behaviour and Jack's delight in following his instincts is the main psychological reason for the split in Chapter 8. In conclusion, the boys' separation into two tribes is due to the different political and psychological attitudes of the two leaders, Jack and Ralph. I think Golding uses these two characters to warn us that civilisation is not a thing that we should take for granted because it can easily slip into chaos. TS Statement Introduce example Example = long quote Explain effect Statement Ex. = reference Explain effect Statement + introduce example Ex. = long quote Statement Ex.=long quote Explain effect Statement + introduce example Ex.=long quote Explain effect Statement= introduce ex. Ex. = reference Explain effect Statement + introduce ex. Ex.=long quote Explain effect Conc.Sentence = return to qs. Restatement Final comment ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE William Golding section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE William Golding essays

  1. Themes, Motifs, and Symbols - Themes are the fundamental concepts addressed and explored in ...

    Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy Suddenly, Ralph looks up to see a naval officer standing over him. The officer tells the boy that his ship has come to the island after seeing the blazing fire in the jungle.

  2. How do the boys organise themselves in chapters 1 & 2 of "Lord of ...

    he said scornfully. "Acting like a crowd of kids!" This remark is quite ironic, as all the boys there are kids. This shows the effect the situation has had on them. Piggy seeing himself as a substitute grown up. The idea of a small fire seems to have been ignored and the boys collect a huge pile of wood they soon realise they have nothing to light it with.

  1. Compare and contrast the characters of Ralph and Jack - How do their characters ...

    The 'altos can keep the fire going [the first] week and the trebles can keep the fire going [the next] week'. But Jack and the rest of the hunters leave the fire unattended to go and catch a pig. When they return, they are boastful and proud of their catch.

  2. Lord of the Flies - What factors lead to the island community becoming increasingly ...

    This is the first symbolism of the descent into savagery - the uniform represents civilisation and order. The language used suggests that Ralph has no use of the uniform any more and is getting rid of the pressure to behave in a civilised manner.

  1. Lord of the Flies Essay How does Golding build up to the final ...

    After this, the hunters, including Ralph, re-enact the hunt, with Robert playing the part of the pig. Whereas before, the dances such as this were not violent, all of the boys become absorbed in this primal dance, gaining satisfaction out of hurting another human.

  2. Both Lord of the Flies and Frankenstein explore the factors of nature and nurture ...

    Please, Merridew...cant we?" This shows that even at the beginning of the book, jack has an athoritive, yet bullying character. However, despite his unpleasant personality, his lack of courage and his conscience prevented him from killing the first pig they encountered: "They knew very well why he hadn't: because of the enormity of

  1. In an essay about his novel “Lord of the Flies”, William Golding wrote: “The ...

    "the great bladder of her belly was fringed with a row of piglets that slept or burrowed or squeaked" The reader is presented with such a horrific and violent picture of the blood and terror, that we forget that we are dealing with little boys, the sheer terror displayed by

  2. The Missing Chapter

    This caused a twenty-minute delay because of the alignment process needed for the whaler to be alongside the Cruiser. Finally, the rope ladders were secured and they were ready to go. "Right boys, up you get!" exclaimed the Officer. Ralph was the first to start clambering up the never-ending ladder.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work