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Lord of the Flies In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two tribes(TM). What factors led to this split?

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Introduction

Topic: In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two 'tribes'. What factors led to this split? Intro OS Th.S BP1 method Method Method Method BP2 Conc. 'Lord of the Flies' by William Golding was published in 1954 after Golding's experiences in WWII. The novel deals with a group of British school boys who are evacuated out of England by plane to escape a fictional atomic war. Their plane crashes on an island in the Pacific and the boys are forced to survive until they are rescued. In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two 'tribes'. In addition to the conflicting personalities of the two main characters, an overall psychological decline also occurs as some boys slowly choose to follow their instincts in preference to order. These two factors cause the group to become divided. From early in the novel a conflict begins to emerge between Ralph and Jack over the issue of leadership. The first sign of Ralph's leadership potential is his physical comfort and relaxed attitude on the island. ...read more.

Middle

However, Jack is more concerned with his macho pride in killing a pig. This has disastrous consequences in Chapter 4 when a chance of rescue is missed because Jack ordered Sam and Eric away from the signal fire. This event shows that Jack's leadership is short-sighted and only centred on his own glory. Another event which shows their conflicting styles of leadership is in response to the littluns' fear of a "beastie" in Chapter 5. Ralph calls a meeting to try and establish a sense of order and also "Talk about this fear". In contrast, Jack dismisses their fear in a bullying manner. "Anyway, you don't hunt or build or help - you're a bunch of sissies." Jack's bullying nature eventually turns him into a totalitarian leader. Golding uses the connotation of nouns such as "Castle", "throne" and "chief" to reinforce this. When Jack runs off after his failed coup in Chapter 8 he has "tears" his eyes, which indicates his frustration at not being able to assert his power. On the other hand, Ralph's cry of "Jack...No!" indicates that he would prefer a collective, united, cooperative style of organisation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Golding also shows this through the characters' appearance. While Jack eagerly hunts semi-naked on all fours, Ralph shows dislike for his unwashed teeth, torn clothes, dirty nails and tangled hair at the beginning of Chapter 7. I think this shows that Ralph (at least unconsciously) does not want to share in the decline into savagery which he sees among Jack and the hunters. This is shown through his repeated insistence on rules because "That's all we've got." Ralph's attempt to hold onto a sense of moral, civilised behaviour and Jack's delight in following his instincts is the main psychological reason for the split in Chapter 8. In conclusion, the boys' separation into two tribes is due to the different political and psychological attitudes of the two leaders, Jack and Ralph. I think Golding uses these two characters to warn us that civilisation is not a thing that we should take for granted because it can easily slip into chaos. TS Statement Introduce example Example = long quote Explain effect Statement Ex. = reference Explain effect Statement + introduce example Ex. = long quote Statement Ex.=long quote Explain effect Statement + introduce example Ex.=long quote Explain effect Statement= introduce ex. Ex. = reference Explain effect Statement + introduce ex. Ex.=long quote Explain effect Conc.Sentence = return to qs. Restatement Final comment ...read more.

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