• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lord of the Flies In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two tribes(TM). What factors led to this split?

Extracts from this document...


Topic: In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two 'tribes'. What factors led to this split? Intro OS Th.S BP1 method Method Method Method BP2 Conc. 'Lord of the Flies' by William Golding was published in 1954 after Golding's experiences in WWII. The novel deals with a group of British school boys who are evacuated out of England by plane to escape a fictional atomic war. Their plane crashes on an island in the Pacific and the boys are forced to survive until they are rescued. In Chapter 8 a split occurs among the boys and they are divided into two 'tribes'. In addition to the conflicting personalities of the two main characters, an overall psychological decline also occurs as some boys slowly choose to follow their instincts in preference to order. These two factors cause the group to become divided. From early in the novel a conflict begins to emerge between Ralph and Jack over the issue of leadership. The first sign of Ralph's leadership potential is his physical comfort and relaxed attitude on the island. ...read more.


However, Jack is more concerned with his macho pride in killing a pig. This has disastrous consequences in Chapter 4 when a chance of rescue is missed because Jack ordered Sam and Eric away from the signal fire. This event shows that Jack's leadership is short-sighted and only centred on his own glory. Another event which shows their conflicting styles of leadership is in response to the littluns' fear of a "beastie" in Chapter 5. Ralph calls a meeting to try and establish a sense of order and also "Talk about this fear". In contrast, Jack dismisses their fear in a bullying manner. "Anyway, you don't hunt or build or help - you're a bunch of sissies." Jack's bullying nature eventually turns him into a totalitarian leader. Golding uses the connotation of nouns such as "Castle", "throne" and "chief" to reinforce this. When Jack runs off after his failed coup in Chapter 8 he has "tears" his eyes, which indicates his frustration at not being able to assert his power. On the other hand, Ralph's cry of "Jack...No!" indicates that he would prefer a collective, united, cooperative style of organisation. ...read more.


Golding also shows this through the characters' appearance. While Jack eagerly hunts semi-naked on all fours, Ralph shows dislike for his unwashed teeth, torn clothes, dirty nails and tangled hair at the beginning of Chapter 7. I think this shows that Ralph (at least unconsciously) does not want to share in the decline into savagery which he sees among Jack and the hunters. This is shown through his repeated insistence on rules because "That's all we've got." Ralph's attempt to hold onto a sense of moral, civilised behaviour and Jack's delight in following his instincts is the main psychological reason for the split in Chapter 8. In conclusion, the boys' separation into two tribes is due to the different political and psychological attitudes of the two leaders, Jack and Ralph. I think Golding uses these two characters to warn us that civilisation is not a thing that we should take for granted because it can easily slip into chaos. TS Statement Introduce example Example = long quote Explain effect Statement Ex. = reference Explain effect Statement + introduce example Ex. = long quote Statement Ex.=long quote Explain effect Statement + introduce example Ex.=long quote Explain effect Statement= introduce ex. Ex. = reference Explain effect Statement + introduce ex. Ex.=long quote Explain effect Conc.Sentence = return to qs. Restatement Final comment ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE William Golding section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE William Golding essays

  1. Themes, Motifs, and Symbols - Themes are the fundamental concepts addressed and explored in ...

    Piggy hears it thundering toward him, but he cannot see it. The rock explodes into many pieces, and the conch shell shatters. Piggy plunges onto a red rock forty feet below and dies. Jack throws his spear at Ralph, and the other boys quickly join in.

  2. Compare and contrast the characters of Ralph and Jack - How do their characters ...

    In the chapter Fire on the Mountain, when the 'boy with the mulberry birthmark' wants to know 'what [Jack and Ralph] are going to do about the snake-thing' Ralph simply says that 'there isn't a beastie' and Jack comments that 'there isn't a snake-thing, but if there was [then him and his hunters would] hunt it and kill it'.

  1. Lord of the Flies - What factors lead to the island community becoming increasingly ...

    when Piggy says that the pilots must have crashed, he looks towards the "scar" and asks "What happened to it? Where's it [the cockpit] got to now?". Piggy then explains that the tube must have been pulled out to sea by a storm, which happened before the novel.

  2. Chapter 8 analysis Lord of the Flies

    "he isn't a proper chief". "He is a coward himself". As you can see here Jack is trying to expose Ralph's inability and incompetence in front of the boys. Ralph is able to defend by exposing Jack's absurdity and cowardice but we see Jack's thrust to take control of the group.

  1. Lord of the flies chapter 8

    When Ralph progresses to describe the beast with the terms 'that size' the reader and other characters are under the impression that the beast is huge and can not be fought. Ralph's mention of hiding is symbolic because in chapter 4, Jack painted his face as a symbol of hiding his social conscience.

  2. The Missing Chapter

    When Ralph reached the top he was pulled up by a smiling man, who literally lifted Ralph off the ladder and landed him on the vast deck of the cruiser. Behind him followed Jack and the rest of the boys.

  1. Lord of the Flies Essay How does Golding build up to the final ...

    This is ironic because it is Ralph who, despite becoming involved in the dance that kills Simon, does not descend to savagery. The third chapter begins with Jack, crouched down on a hunt, and acting as a true hunter would, following a trail, examining a cracked twig etc.

  2. A media study comparing two cinematic interpretations of Golding's Lord of the Flies: the ...

    Raymond Leppard has decided to bring the sound of buzzing flies to attention in this scene by using it in the soundtrack. This sound is used repeatedly through the film and comes to represent evilness and the devil. When breaking through the trees and branches on the island Ralph accidentally falls over.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work