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Lord of the Flies - Themes in Chapter 2

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Introduction

Lord of the Flies Themes Chapter 2 * Beast: Fear of a "beastie" on the island is first stemmed from a littlun with a distinctive marking, a "mulberry-coloured birthmark" on his face, who says the beast comes out at night and looks like a snake (this reminds us of the devil who appears in Genesis in the form of a snake, therefore we associate it with evil, even the fact that it was seen in the dark helps us recognise that the beast is evil). Both Ralph and Jack, thinking these to be simply childish nightmares, comfort everyone that there is no beast. Although they try comforting everyone, they do not have any evidence to confront the small boy and so an element of doubt is introduced in their minds about the existence of the beast, a doubt which will not be defeated easily because no one can fight rational thinking. ...read more.

Middle

He recalls that one of them, the "mulberry birthmark boy" is nowhere to be seen, suggesting that he has perhaps died in the fire. Also it is a piece of Piggy, his glasses, which give them this power of fire, a symbolic trait often equated with the attainment of knowledge (i.e. the story of Prometheus, fire bearer, in Greek mythology). We also see Piggy` s glasses as a symbol of clear sight, which indicates Piggy`s rational and scientific mind. Also being used to light the fire they are a symbol of civilization. It is significant that Piggy needs the glasses, since without adults he is very vulnerable. He depends on civilization and adults to help him. When the glasses are broken, we notice that civilisation is beginning to break apart itself inside the boys. * Manifestation of the island: In Lord of the Flies one finds the island to be a projection of the children`s nature. ...read more.

Conclusion

Rescue: this means a return to civilization, something which Jack doesn` t want because he is feeling very good when he releases his violence. While Ralph wants it very much and we see this through the fire. Also in this chapter the aspect of time is introduced by Piggy, this is a sign of civilisation, which goes side by side with rescue. * Order and Disorder: There is a clash between order (Piggy) and disorder (Jack). This comes out through the hate of Piggy and Jack towards each other. Order: Piggy tries to control the group with rules about the fire and about the list of names. Disorder: Jack causes disorder as he takes the crowd away from the chief to make a fire on the mountain and also when he says that on the mountain the conch has no authority, therefore getting rid of all the rules which tied him down before. We also see that Jack is not ready to follow Ralph (therefore the rules Ralph made), overstepping his limit of authority. ...read more.

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