• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11

Lord of the Flies - What factors lead to the island community becoming increasingly dystopian by the end of Chapter 5 and how does William Golding present these?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What factors lead to the island community becoming increasingly dystopian by the end of Chapter 5 and how does William Golding present these? A desert island becomes the perfect place to observe William Golding's much disputed portrayal of human society, when a plane-full of boys crash and begin to wreak havoc. The island itself seems a utopia, with everything the boys could ask for, until civilisation starts fading from their minds and the island begins to take its own revenge. The title of the novel comes from the Arabic for one of the manifestations of the Devil. Baal-Zebub - or Beelzebub - means 'lord of the flies'. In the novel, the pig's head on a stick, covered in flies, is a horrific symbol of how far the violence has come. The pig was killed by Jack and his hunters and the head is put on a stick as an offering to the 'beast'. Only Simon really appreciates that the 'beast' is actually the evil inside the boys themselves and it is that which is breaking things up. So, the title of the novel reinforces the idea that we all have something of the 'devil' within us - and that the 'devil' can be released all too easily. 'Lord of the flies' examines reality and deception and points to the terrifyingly large gap between these two states. The novel opens with the chapter name "The Sound of the Shell". This paints a dramatic picture of something responding to something else, the something else being the sound of the shell. As readers, we have yet to know what responds to it, and yet we can already deduce that the shell is a conch shell, the only shell which can be played musically. However, upon further research, one can find that to be able to play a conch horn, the shell needs to be pre-prepared by having the middle section knocked out. When Ralph first meets Piggy, he manages to play the conch without doing so. ...read more.

Middle

one side of the island at midday, his behaviour startling Ralph so much that Ralph is led to believe that there is a ship near the island. Ralph thinks in the long-term, about how to get rescued. Jack is also very unkind to several members of the eventual tribe. This first sign of this is when Jack says "Shut up, Fatty" to Piggy, which is a cruel and dismissive act. It shows Jack trying to prove his authority by bullying the easiest and weakest target, in this case, Piggy. Jack's assertion of authority on the island means he can order around his "band" to help his role-play his fantasies from books like Treasure Island. His physical malformation is a factor in his quest to prove himself by lording over people. When the meeting is first called, one by one, the children appear out of the jungle. The smaller and younger boys appear to have been stuffing themselves with fruit. When the first boy, Johnny, sits down in front of Ralph, the other also copy him, like sheep. It is something they are familiar with, a civilised action which reminds them of school being schoolchildren. The difference between different types of leadership are highlighted in this section "what intelligence had been shown was traceable to Piggy while the most obvious leader was Jack... there was the conch" It shows again Golding's influence from World War Two. The word "Wacco." shows the boys think that the exploration of the island is fun, they see no danger in exploring an unchartered island, like a game. The words "Wizard" and "Smashing" also show this, but also makes the reader note the use of dated slang, which identifies the boys and middle-class public or private schoolboys. The feeling of ownership is shown " The great rock loitered... smashed a deep hole in the canopy of the forest... the forest further down shook as with the passage of an enraged monster... ...read more.

Conclusion

Part two, threat and fear appear on the island, begins with the arrival of the dead parachutist - fear becomes real and is a physical threat. Destruction occurs, which is caused by the boys' actions. The fire leads to one boy presumably dying, the conch is smashed, the glasses smashed and Piggy murdered, which illustrate the failure of democracy. There is the beginning of the idea that everyone has evil within them. For example, Simon's realisation that, "What I mean is... maybe it's only us". Evil has now been created on the island - this fact is established with the killing of Simon. If the reader is careful, they may notice that the parachutist disappears - he is no longer needed to symbolise evil. Part three, the consequences of creating evil, is where moral anarchy is released by the murder of Simon. Rule and order is destroyed - this is signalled by Piggy's death, the torture of Samneric, the hunting of Ralph and Ralph's will to kill or be killed. The boys lose their individual identities and become a mass or mob, for example, Jack loses his name and simply becomes "the Chief". This part also strongly highlights that the events are not a dream. This is made clear when the naval officer appears to remind the reader and the boys how far they are from the normal expectations of British public school boys. It is underlined by Ralph's own realisation about the loss of innocence and the darkness of men's own hearts. The only hope by the end of the novel is that Ralph and the others will have learnt something from their experiences on the island. The hope is that they will carry this knowledge back to civilisation and save it from itself. There are seven underlying themes in the novel; War, Violence, Things breaking down, Relationships, Fear, Democracy, Power, and the Lord of the Flies. They are the most significant factors leading to the island community becoming increasingly dystopian. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE William Golding section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE William Golding essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Lord of the Flies begins with friendship and ends with violence. How does Golding ...

    4 star(s)

    Similarly, by the end of the novel, all respect for society, friendship and the island are blown away. Jack starts a hunting spree, which for some brings happiness and the constant bolt of adrenaline may leave them busy for a while; however it also brings death, pain and constant worry to the others on the island.

  2. Compare the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding to Heart of Darkness ...

    So basically, Simon's kindness towards the littluns and Piggy parallels Marlow's kindness to the slaves and the Russian. Jack and Kurtz are the antagonists in the two novels and they clearly represent savagery. Both Jack and Kurtz come into the isolation from civilization as civilized men.

  1. Analysis of Lord of the Flies.

    The signal fire has burned out, and without his glasses Piggy is nearly blind. Ralph decides to take the conch shell to Castle Rock, hoping that it will remind Jack's followers of his former authority. Once at Jack's camp, however, the group is met by armed guards.

  2. Lord of the Flies - How does Golding present the decline from civilisation to ...

    from taking part in activities the rest of the boys so, is marked out; it is the expense of his illness that the others have a lot of fun, referring to it as 'ass-mar', though it is more their ignorance about the condition that leads them to taunt him.

  1. Lord of the Flies. A major example of foreshadowing in the book occurs in ...

    Roger throwing stones at Henry foreshadows of him launching a boulder at Piggy. The out of control fire on the mountain in chapter 2 foreshadows the entire island burning when the fire gets out of control in chapter 12. Lord of the Flies - Foreshadowing Foreshadowing is the technique of

  2. The Respective leader ship qualities of Ralph, Piggy, Jack and Simon.

    Another time, is when he stands up to the older members of the group, criticising them and their actions on the island. Piggy's physical appearance is perhaps the main reason why he is not respected by the rest of the group, and consequently why the group doesn't see him as the leader.

  1. What role does the corruption of innocence play in 'Turn of the screw' by ...

    This is because of the narrative it is written in. We presume that Quint has corrupted Miles and Flora because they both start acting out of character. The governess believes that Flora was aware of the ghost of Miss Jessel when she appeared by the lake.

  2. Compare how the authors present and use the concept of the island setting in ...

    Soon he began to think about his future. Crusoe soon discovered he "Had no weapon either to hunt and kill any creature for my sustenance, or to defend myself against any other creature that might desire to kill me for theirs". Consequently, he spent his first night on the island up a tall, thorny tree, so not to get attacked during the night.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work