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Love takes up in many forms in life, and the poems Refugee Mother and Child, If and Poem at Thirty-Nine discusses about the relationship between parents and their child.

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Introduction

Discuss the relationships between parents and children in three poems in the anthology. Love takes up in many forms in life, and the poems 'Refugee Mother and Child', 'If' and 'Poem at Thirty-Nine' discusses about the relationship between parents and their child. Although they are all about love from either parents or a child, the bonds in each poem are not the same. In 'Refugee Mother and Child' Chinua Achebe writes about a mother mourning to her dying child during the civil war in Nigeria and brings an image of the scene into the reader's mind by using different imageries whereas 'If' from Rudyard Kipling conveys the idea of paternal love from a father whom transfers virtues to his son of becoming a gentleman. Last but not least 'Poem at Thirty-Nine' by Alice Walker shows the admiration of a daughter has for her deceased father and how much she misses him being by her side. Chinua Achebe establishes the idea of pure love from a mother through the poem 'Refugee Mother and Child'. Achebe shows how the bond of love can a mother has with a child throughout the poem and relates it back to the Biafran war. ...read more.

Middle

During the Victorian times, a true gentleman never spoke of himself in public and Kipling expresses this idea in the poem through 'don't look too good, nor talk too wise'. Kipling used the words 'good' and 'wise' which both have positive connotations, but when he used 'don't' it turned the positive to a negative connotation stating that the father in the poem did not want his son to be too arrogant about himself. A gentleman has to do a lot of things to impress the others and being humble is only one of a few, a gentleman also has to stay on firm ground and keep his head down. Kipling wrote 'If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, or walk with kings' it indicates how a man cannot feel too proud of himself even when he gets high up in the society. The phrase 'keep your virtue', Kipling implied the idea when a man is with his friends or popular within the society, he cannot mislead his peers or exploit them. Kipling whom was a truthful Christian believer showed his faithfulness by stating pride was one of the things a gentleman should not be doing. ...read more.

Conclusion

Other than parents wanting the best for their children, Walker also conveys the idea of how a child follows their parents' footstep and grows into them. The father of 'Poem at Thirty-Nine' was not rich or high up in the society therefore the daughter did not expect much in life. Walker stated 'I learned to see bits of paper as a way to escape the life he knew' to show the audience that the persona was an adventurous person whom understood that money was one of the ways of being her further in life. Walker used the word 'escape' to make the persona to seem trapped and unable to free herself however if she were to be wealthy, she will be able to travel to different parts of places at anytime. In conclusion, all three poems are able to convey and illustrate the attachment between parents and child through the use of different imageries and metaphors. Also the three different poets are greatly influenced by their misfortunate past events or particular incidents. Although they all take part in different places at different times, they all still contain a strong yet intimate bond between parents and child. Believing that love is all around, these poems have proved this idea and certainly influenced a lot of reader's point of view towards parents and children. Emily Pun 11Y1 ...read more.

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