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How does Macbeth change between Act one scene three and act three scene one and who is responsible for his changes? Shakespeare is definitely the most influential writer of all English literature and the author of many comedies, history plays, poems and tragedies. Shakespeare's shortest and bloodiest tragedy was Macbeth. It is a dark tragedy that tells of ambition and guilt in a background of violence and supernatural. It has been described as "not Shakespeare's most complex play, but ...certainly one of his most powerful and emotionally intense"1. It tells the story of a man that changes from a noble warrior to a murderer and a cruel 'abhorred tyrant'. In this essay I will analyse how Macbeth changes through the play and who is to blame for his changes. It is very important to state that Drama plays are usually created to be performed on stage and seldom created to be read. There is a great difference between reading a play and watching it performed; the performed play is performed the way the director and the actors themselves imagine the characters and the scenes. Hence we get a good idea of what characters are like. On the other hand, when reading a play, we have no description of the characters or places available and therefore we have to recreate the characters ...read more.


On the other hand, Macbeth remains an honest and loyal subject to his beloved wife. He sends her a letter explaining everything that happened. This is an important proof of loyalty and devotion to his subjects, weakened ever since he met the evil witches. Shakespeare presents Lady Macbeth as ruthless and evil, a woman who is ready to give away her soul in order to reach her goal. She prepared her mind for killing the king right after reading her husband's letter and to help her do so, she calls evil spirits to dehumanize and defeminise her. She sees Macbeth's kindness as a crucial weakness which might be the doom of their rise to the throne of Scotland. In act 1 scene 7 Macbeth is wrestling with his conscience because he admires and respects Duncan a lot and can not bring himself to kill him. He speaks in a soliloquy explaining the audience all the duties he owes Duncan: ' he's here in double trust:/first, as I am his kinsman and his subject' and ' as his host /who should against his murderer shut the door/ not bear the knife myself.' But even if Macbeth was not a host and a kinsman, killing the king would still be an unforgivable sin and he admits that the only reason for committing this horrible murder, his ambition was now not enough . ...read more.


The quotations ' the battle is lost and won' and ' Fair is foul and foul is fair' chanted by the witches during Act 1 scene 1 are considered to be paradoxes since their words contradict themselves; a concept that can be easily applied about the perception of Macbeth's character and his actual personality during the play. During Act 1 scene 2 , he is described by the Captain and King Duncan to be a ' worthy gentleman' and 'valiant'- adjectives which lead the audience to believe that Macbeth is a loyal warrior and a very correct person; while in Act 1 scene 3 ( when he officially steps into the play) he proves to be easily manipulated and swayed by the prospect of power after the witches exclaim their prophecies and disappear. His erroneous judgment, which eventually leads to his downfall and the mutation in his personality, is further displayed since Banquo is clearly aware of the witches' nature while Macbeth, only focused on their promises, looses focus over the other , more important details; banquo realizes that the witches are ' foul' while Macbeth still mistakenly believes the witches are 'fair' due to all the good they have brought upon him. 1 SparkNotes 101 By Emma Chastain, SparkNotes, ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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