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Macbeth's Downfall

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Macbeths Downfall Liza Zhang At the beginning of the play, Macbeth by William Shakespeare, Macbeth is depicted to be a loyal and honourable hero. However, with three major influences, his character changes throughout the play. These closely connected influences are the prophecies told by the three witches; Macbeths own passion and Lady Macbeth's dominant influence. Throughout the play, Lady Macbeth plays a major influence in Macbeth's actions and was determined to get what she wanted, in this case, the throne. In the early chapters of the play, Macbeth's devilish wife, Lady Macbeth, is depicted as an ambitious wife who could easily manipulate Macbeth, 'That I may pour my spirits in thine ear'. She manipulates his self esteem using a variety of productive methods, such as questioning his manhood and determination. When Lady Macbeth reviews the letter about Macbeth and the witches' prophecies, the thought of murder immediately comes to her head, indicating her own determination to kill to get what she wants. But she fears her husband's good nature quoting he is 'too full o' the milk of human kindnesses. ...read more.


This shows the prophecies attracted Macbeth and his curiosity aroused. The witches also told Banquo that his descendants will be Kings in the future. Macbeth is curious of this prophecy, perhaps ever more than Banquo himself. This is lead to Banquo's sudden murder plotted by Macbeth. This shows how weak Macbeth was of not committing the murder himself, as he was still feeling guilty of Duncan's murder. As he becomes King his insecurities drop dramatically and seek to kill everyone in his path. Another visit to the witches tells him, to beware of Macduff and to be assured no man born of woman can harm him. The witches also tell him that 'Macbeth shall never vanquish until Great Burnham Wood to high Dunsaine Hill shall come against him.' These prophecies calm Macbeth as he does not take them as a threat. The final apparition shows Banquo's descendants, 'a line of Kings shall descend' which makes Macbeth agitated. Towards the end when Macduff announces that he was 'untimely ripped from his mother's womb,' this proved to be his downfall\ to death. ...read more.


But when Banquo's ghost appears at his dinner, Lady Macbeth foils his guilt of another murder for the last time. It is obvious at this point of the play Macbeth lacks some mental stability 'never shake thy glory locks at me'. Macbeth not only inherits the crown, but also an immoral and ruthless character that corrupted him. When the witches told Macbeth he was unstoppable, this gave him a false sense of security which in the end proved fatal. The first murder proved to provoke his later ones and each reduces his human characteristics until he is no longer sure what is what and 'what is not'. It is Macbeth's dominant ambitions, pride and impressions of personal invincibility which led him to a tragic downfall. In conclusion, Lady Macbeth's influences, the witches prophecies and Macbeth own passion all and a major role in Macbeth's downfall and anticipated death. Without Lady Macbeth, Macbeth would not have committed the murder of King Duncan which the he would not have been blinded by ambition to commit the other deadly sins. The witches triggered the murders and Macbeth's pride and false security left him on a self destructive path, only he could have prevented. ...read more.

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