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Macbeth - Scene by Scene notes.

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Introduction

Scene 1 This scene creates a sense of mystery and wonder. Setting on the battlefield prepares us for the war and battles to come. The images of thunder and lightning prepare us for the chaos to come. The fact that the play starts with witches is important as it prepares us for the evil to come. The ?filthy air? in the last line of the scene suggests that dark deeds are about to happen. The witches decide when and where to meet. They decide to meet on the moorland, and they know that they are going to meet Macbeth. The scene ends with the witches chanting. ?Fair is foul, and foul is fair? meaning that what was once good is now bad and that they use supernatural powers. Why is this scene important? 1. It grabs attention by its non realism. ? gives us an insight of what is going to happen. 2. It keeps a sense of curiosity. 3. It shows the importance of supernatural powers in the play. 4. It gives a clue about a theme of good and evil. Scene 2 Malcolm and Donalbain are Duncan`s sons.Lennox and Ross are Scottish generals. King Duncan and other areare in an army camp receiving reports from the battles. There were two battles being fought: Battle 1; Scotland vs Rebels (lead by Macdonwald) Battle 2; Scotland vs Norway + Macdonwald. ...read more.

Middle

3. The theme ambition is introduced. Scene 4 King Duncan asks his son, Malcolm, about the execution of the Thane of cawdor. The king is told that Cawdor died feeling sorry for his actions and with dignity. Theme: Crime and punishment. Treason: The crime of betraying your country, like Macdonwald. Duncan trusts the first Thane of Cawdor blindly, which was a mistake as afterwards he betrayed him. Dramatically ironic Duncan does the same mistake with his ?worthiest cousin? by putting him Thane of Cawdor.? Macbeth and Banquo enter the palace and are warmly welcomed and thanked by King Duncan for their efforts and bravery. Duncan announces that his son, Malcolm, is to be his heir (King after Duncan) and that he will visit Macbeth in the castle at Inverness. Macbeth quietly gets out to take the news to his wife and to prepare a welcome to his King. Macbeth wants no one to ?see his black and deep desires.? Macbeth leaves to prepare for the arrival of the King, but we learn that the announcement of Malcolm as heir is not good for Macbeth. Duncan`s announcement forces Macbeth`s mind further into his thoughts and realise that Malcolm is an obstacle to his ambition. In this scene we have a difference in the reality (evil of the situation and the appearance (good). This scene is full of irony as Duncan is always praising Macbeth. ...read more.

Conclusion

It highlits the close relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. (She is the dominant character) 2. Lady Macbeth is calling for supernatural messages to call on her. 3. We know that Macbeth has some human kindness in him that may resist the temptation. 4. The language Lady Macbeth uses shows how evil she was. Scene 6 Banquo and Duncan are approaching and admiring the castle. This is highly ironic as they are both going to die there. Macbeth`s castle is a pleasant place to visit. (Appearance vs Reality.) The castle resembles Macbeth, (Nice from the outside, ugly from the inside.) Although the castle appears to be delightful, in reality a death is going to take place. Lady Macbeth joins them, to welcome them. Duncan thanks her for her welcoming, it is ironic as she will kill him. Lady Macbeth tells Duncan that she is only doing her duty and so she is deceiving herself. Lady Macbeth is a great deceiver and is very manipulative. In this scene duncan emerges as being very naive (stupid) as he is easily led by Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, while Lady Macbeth as being a double faced person and deceiver to mislead. Why is this scene important? 1. We see a continuation about the theme of appearances (loyalty to the king) vs reality (going to murder him.) 2. We see that Lady Macbeth is fully involved in this deception and disloyalty. 3. We see a conrast between Macbeth`s and Duncan`s open and free feelings. ...read more.

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