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"Machiavel or Passionate Idealist" - Which of either applies to Mark Antony?

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"Machiavel or Passionate Idealist" Which of either applies to Mark Antony? Introduction Antony was slow to emerge, and it wasn't until he was forced to show his true potential, could he really be judged. He was a character with many hidden traits until he was forced to show his true character while defending Caesar after his death. He was misunderstood by all, and his true leadership qualities were underestimated. Once he became a leader of Rome, his true character was unrevealed. Antony loved Julius Caesar and became very dependent on him. Antony had desired the crown for Caesar so that all friction could have been avoided, and then after Caesar, he could have had the highest position. All this was changed however when Caesar became no more. It was impossible for Antony to subordinate himself to anyone else; least of all to the conspirators. Antony was looked down upon by all the conspirators except for Brutus. They feared Antony would become as powerful as Caesar and possibly a dictator. Brutus persuaded the others not to add the assassination by saying, "And for Mark Antony, think not of him: for he can do no more than Caesar's arm when Caesar's head is off." ...read more.


Although the crowd knows it, Antony says that Brutus said that Caesar was ambitious. Antony repeats what Brutus said to make room for a very powerful comeback. He uses "Brutus's voice" to have an argument with himself. This increases the effectiveness of a speech to use this method of "debating with himself." "...and grievously hath Caesar answered it. Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest (for Brutus is an honorable man, so they are all, all honorable men." (Act III, Scene ii), Antony is simply paying his respects to Brutus; to show (to the crowd) that he is truly a noble and honorable man. That helps the crowd to sense Antony's honesty. It also creates the illusion that Antony is on Brutus's side, because his tone sounds as if Caesar's death was for the better. "I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke, but here I am to speak what I do know." (Act III, Scene ii). Here Antony goes again, respecting what Brutus said before he took his stand. He tells the crowd that he does not mean to steal the support, but to deliver the cold, hard facts. ...read more.


The way that Antony uses this refrain is truly extraordinary. When he begins his oration, he is supposedly siding with Brutus's argument. However, when he makes his first move to prove a point of his own, the refrain is slightly altered. For example Antony uses 'Yet' later on after using 'But'. "You all did see that on the Lupercal I thrice presented him a kingly crown which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition? Yet Brutus says he was ambitious; and sure he is an honorable man." (Act III, Scene ii). Antony has just made a complete fool of Brutus. The small refrain in the speech has made an unbelievable impact. Through the use of these three persuasive techniques, Mark Antony slowly succeeds in winning the support of the entire mob. By acknowledging the opposing argument, slowly letting his emotions take over, and using a "simple" refrain, Antony delivers the perfect crowd-manipulating speech. So to conclude, Mark Antony seemed at the beginning of Julius Caesar, a shallow and unimportant character. But by the end of the play Antony had been revealed as bold, shrewd, ambitious, and the play's most thoroughly Machiavellian character. ?? ?? ?? ?? Navad Khanzada ...read more.

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