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Mary Shelley reveals Frankenstein as a scientific success but a parental failure. Evaluate the concepts of creation and nurture in Frankenstein.

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Mary Shelley reveals Frankenstein as a scientific success but a parental failure. Evaluate the concepts of creation and nurture in Frankenstein. When Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein in 1818 she had lost her own mother and three children. It is against this background of loss that many chose to explore the possibility of bringing the dead back to life. As the daughter of William Galdwin, Mary would have known about many of the major scientific developments during her days. In particular she would have known Galvini and his experiment with frogs' legs, and is likely this motion of electricity was one of the factors that influenced her choice of the subject. Frankenstein is an examination of scientific success, but also brings up the question parental responsibilities, and how important nature and nurture is in bringing up a child. What Shelley asks are the consequences of taking a god like role? To answer this we must examine Frankenstein. In the very first chapter of Frankenstein it begins with an account of his parents' courtship and marriage and the first views of Victor. 'Broken in spirit' Mary Shelley's very first description of Victor is described as discontented. Therefore Mary Shelley uses this very opening to prepare the reader for the horror to follow in her description of Victors' despair. ...read more.


When Victor succeeds infusing the frame he has constructed with life, the monsters dull yellow eyes open and it breathes. While we may expect Victor to be exultant he is immediately filled with horror and disgust. '...now that I had finished, the beauty of the dream vanished, breathless horror and disgust filled my heart' The description of the monster may suggest the appearance of a new born baby, where many would say their new born child is beautiful when mostly it isn't, every parent perceive there child as perfect and beautiful where as Frankenstein does not express these feelings like a true parent and shows the lack of nurturing, but there is also the emphasis on the unnatural which reflects the moment it was created. The sorrow of the monsters situation is suggested by his out stretched hand. Victor immediately proves himself irresponsible by abandoning the child in horror. Driven on by the excitement of creating life scientifically rather than naturally he believes he can repair evil by able to bring his mother back to life as he feels his mothers death was pure evil ( god like role having the power to decide who lives by bringing them back to life) . When Victor sparks life into his experiments he is immediately disgusted by it and describes it as a; 'Wretch' and 'filthy demon' This is completely the opposite of the reaction of a normal mother to her newborn baby, so Victor is clearly failing as a parent. ...read more.


Frankenstein started to progress his role as a father when the creature explained why he was a murderer. 'I compassionated him... buy when I looked upon him my heart sickened' Victor's role as a father had become much clearer when he began to feel sorry for his child, like a true father, however this did not last long when Victor once again glanced at his child face he senses hatred. It is this barrier of the creature's appearance that is holding Victor back, making him a failure to be taken upon a father's role. In Frankenstein Mary Shelley strongly shows that nothing is born bad, but is the lack of nurture that decides whether a child is brought up to become either good or evil. This is shown when the creature discovers how to produce a fire, then nurtures it self that it can be used to warm itself. However due to the lack of nurturing he uses this fire for the wrong reasons such as using it to light the cottage. But the prime example of the concept of creation and nurture Frankenstein creating an monster, not realising the out come of this ambition to bring the dead back to life, then also to failing to nurture this creature and as a result brings unhappiness to this world. Mary Shelley proves that even though Frankenstein was a scientific success, he didn't nurture its child hence it is claimed as a parental failure. Ramiz Ahmed 11G English Coursework ...read more.

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