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Moral and ethical views on fertility treatments

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Moral and ethical views on fertility treatments Infertility in Britain is the most common reason for women to visit doctor's surgeries between the ages of 20-45 apart from actual pregnancy itself. There are 1 in 6 people with fertility problems which make 3.5 million people who experience difficulties in conceiving a child in their lifetime. There are 70 clinics in the UK which have 34,855 patients and 12,596 children have been the result of their treatment in that year. The first ever baby born as a result of IVF was Louise Brown on 25th July 1978. Since then there have been significant advances in the freezing of embryos in liquid nitrogen which has resulted in an estimate of half a million children that were born from frozen embryos. The treatments available are: IVF which stands for (In vitro fertilisation) Eggs are fertilised with sperm and embryos are implanted into the womb to grow Natural cycle IVF Collect and fertilise the one egg released naturally and implant this into the womb to grow IUI (Intrauterine insemination) ...read more.


One such complication is OHS (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome) which if not monitored and treated properly can lead to death. In Japan IVF was banned for couples who were both infected with HIV and this led to scientists finding ways to remove the virus from the sperm. Legal action has been taken in the past against IVF providers as there have been errors in the proper identification and transfer of the correct embryos. Other complications can be multiple births as there are usually 2-3 embryos implanted each cycle to try and ensure in at least one live birth. This can lead to birth of triplets and this can cause problems and even miscarriages. The law in the UK has now deemed two embryos to be sufficient. Last year the UK government also called for donors to be registered on the birth certificate in the future as it is a legal document which they feel should name the biological mother of father of a child that was conceived through donation of eggs or sperm. ...read more.


There are also uses in stem cell research which can only be carried out at the written consent of the donor and recipients. Not all of society agrees that the NHS should treat infertility as it is not a life threatening condition and the public money could be spent on curing illness instead. The government and religious bodies have a lot of influence over infertility treatments and adoption. Their morals and ethics are what shapes the structure and laws regarding fertility treatments in Britain. Without them regulating these fertility treatments, it could be an emotional and physical gamble that would cost a lot more without public funding and donors too may then name their price for the risks involved and the lack of confidentiality. It is therefore in the best interests of the public that the government and religious leaders maintain morals and ethics in this treatment as there is such a need for safe and supported fertility treatments for one in six couples in the UK today. ?? ?? ?? ?? PAGE 1 ...read more.

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