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'Nineteen Eighty Four' by George Orwell - summary of theme and narrative

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Introduction

'Nineteen Eighty Four' by George Orwell The novel 1984 by George Orwell is based on life in a territorial society. We find as a reader that society in which all individuals have to tolerate all contradictions no matter how its implications, if they are to survive. The personality of individuals is reduced to loyalty to authoritarians that control the meaning of language. Personal judgements and morality are disallowed. It is also the decider to what is right and what is wrong based on the absolute power over all feelings, thoughts and behaviour. The aim is to filter these feelings and replace them with party related feelings. Which in terms means neutral feelings. It is not mentioned in the novel what the's intentions are to do. This is mainly because no one has the courage to ask questions or to behave as an individual and to express their own personality. Even keeping a diary is prohibited in Orwell's 1984. ...read more.

Middle

The destruction of words forms the Ingsoc. This exploits words and uses double meanings. The official language that reflects reality is called 'Newspeak' and 'double meanings'. In reality contradiction is just accepted as the mysterious ways in which God works. Power of the newspeak penetrates deeply into lives of most people that it is accepted as the natural role of the unconscious mind and the power of the symbols over the unconsciousness. There are some parallels between Ingsoc and philosophy about the spirituality and religion today. We notice increasingly that the belief of spirituality is the development of the psychological sophistication. This says basically says that the contradictions is the innate in the laws of the universe. Very few people are aware of the laws and what they stand for. The powerless characters reflect Distopia. Taking Winston for instance. He is oppressed by society therefore he hasn't got the position to say anything. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore the concept of the past is that is the mind can be manipulated the past can also be manipulated. This is why the ministry of truth aims to destroy or alter any evidence of the past. This concept is initially the idea of O'Brian. He comments that' who controls the past controls the future, who controls the present controls the past'. Orwell's meaning is that the same structure of society will remain eternally. There are different themes within the theme of the past that show that there is no past. O'Brian feels that the party has always been there. Even at the start of the universe. Therefore this makes big brother seem as though it is in place of God. Mr Carrington's shop seems to be a threat as it contains precious items that are from the past (antiques). It seems as though beauty is a major threat to the party and therefore extracts its power. By reducing the number of words the party can get rid of the past. ...read more.

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