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Nineteenth century writers such as Charlotte Bront and Ambrose Bierce engage and sustain the interest of their readers throughout their stories. This is achieved through their use of literary techniques, their use of language which creates tension and

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Introduction

Compare how nineteenth Century writer's engage and sustain the interest of their readers throughout their short stories. In your response you should consider and analyse: * The literary techniques used by the writers; * How the writers use language to create tension and suspense; * The impact of the writing on a nineteenth century audience and a twenty-first century audience. Nineteenth century writers such as Charlotte Bront� and Ambrose Bierce engage and sustain the interest of their readers throughout their stories. This is achieved through their use of literary techniques, their use of language which creates tension and suspense and the impact their writing has on the nineteenth and twenty-first century audiences. The stories 'An Arrest' and 'Napoleon and the Spectre' have several aspects in common. Both Bierce and Bront� use a range of literary techniques in their short stories, 'Napoleon and the Spectre' and 'An Arrest', which engage the reader. These features would have engaged the nineteenth century audience because gothic literature was very popular at that time. From the outset, the reader is engaged through the titles of the stories, which both create tension. Bront� creates suspense within the story, 'Napoleon and the Spectre' through her use of light and dark imagery. ...read more.

Middle

The fact that there seems to be no life in the town creates a sinister mood, and Brower appears to be a ruthless character if no one wants to be near him. Bront� also uses ghostly imagery to build suspense and sustain the interest of her readers. 'The haunted closet' indicates that a ghost may be present in it and tension is therefore created as we are uncertain about whether it is really there and ghosts are frightening. The ghost is seen having a 'tongue protruded between the teeth'. This is very grotesque imagery and the use of animalistic description creates a very sinister atmosphere and tone which sustains the interest of her readers. Ghosts are also typical characters in gothic literature during the nineteenth century. Similarly, Bierce uses ghostly imagery to engage and sustain the interest of the reader. The reader never finds out anything about the ghost and this absence of his side of the story creates a sense of mystery and uncertainty about the character. Bierce describes the sceptre as, 'as white as death'. This simile builds tension by inciting fear from the reader. In 'Napoleon and the Spectre', Bront� builds suspense and creates tension through the characterisation of Napoleon. ...read more.

Conclusion

This makes the ghost of Burton Duff seem to be a more powerful character and the interest of the reader is sustained. The fact that Brower is often referred to being a 'Hunted man' and in danger of being caught builds suspense and engages the reader. Bierce writes a 'Pack of bloodhounds would soon be on his track', which portrays Brower as a ruthless, brave character. The bloodhounds are symbolic of the fact that he is the prey and the savage that is being chased. In conclusion I believe that nineteenth century writers such as Bierce and Bronte engage and sustain the interest of their readers in a similar manner. Both of the stories I have looked at, follow the typical features gothic literature includes and this is done effectively. These features include the use of vocabulary choice, the imagery of light versus darkness, the characterisation of Brower and Napoleon and the setting. The interests of Bront� and Bierce's readers are sustained through the literary techniques they use, the language they use to create tension and suspense and the impact of the writing on nineteenth and twenty-first century audiences. ?? ?? ?? ?? Clare McKeogh GCSE Prose Coursework Ms Begley ...read more.

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