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oliver twist

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Introduction

How does Charles Dickens build tension in chapter 47 The writer Charles Dickens is one of the most famous English novelists of the Victorian era. He began his writing career with being a journalist. When being a journalist he drew sketches of characters which seemed real. They were related to the people he saw and talked with in his society. He was fond of reading picaresque novels of Tobias Smollett and Henry Fielding as a child. The novel he wrote about Oliver Twist was first a sketch of an orphan who was abandoned by the state in a magazine. His novels were often based on the society and the people he had met. He was a harsh critic of the poverty and social stratification of the Victorian society. Oliver Twist had many purposes that are brought up through Oliver's journey. This novel brought forward the issue of poverty, selfishness, capitalism, social welfare and child labour. One other very important reason why this novel was written was because he wanted to criticize the poor laws during the Victorian time. This is as the middle class people believed that people were poor because they were sinful and corrupt. Charles Dickens tried to show the middle class people through his novel that this was not true. Charles Dickens literacy techniques in the novel 'Oliver Twist' provided the readers with a portrait of a young boy so good that his values are never changed. ...read more.

Middle

In the opening paragraph the scene is set. In the opening few lines he describes his character action as well as comparing by showing the similar actions to 'like some hideous phantom, moist from the grave, and worried by an evil spirit. Through this comparison the reader can work out that Fagin is an evil character. This sets an image in the readers mind and persuades them to dislike Fagin. We are also told the time, place and characters all in the same sentence. I as a reader will see this to show us that this information is not important. This is as if the information was important he would have put it into different sentences and described it in more detail. By doing this it shows that this information will have little emphasis in the play. By using the long sentence which is descriptive he is building an atmosphere and tension. This is a way that Charles Dickens can create tension. For example, he can decrease the sentence length to create importance of something. He uses the long descriptive sentences when he needs to build an atmosphere. In the third paragraph Fagin is called an 'old man.' Even the two paragraphs before he is demoralised. Fagin's face was described as 'distorted and pale' with 'so red and bloodshot' eyes. He is described as a 'hideous phantom' that's 'worried by an evil spirit.' ...read more.

Conclusion

The opening paragraph of chapter 47 in Oliver Twist, "Fatal Consequences" sets the scene for the rest of the chapter. Giving the chapter the title "Fatal Consequences" immediately gives the impression that something bad and evil is going to happen. Dickens immediately sets the scene with 'it was nearly two hours before day break.' He also creates anxiety for the reader by using descriptive alliteration such as 'sounds appear to slumber', 'streets are silent' and 'still and silent' when describing the streets outside. Throughout the chapter hints are given to us of what will happen next. This is by the language techniques and sentence structure used. This is as it makes the text almost like a riddle and so keeps the reader guessing of what will happen. We are also given a detailed description of the character Fagin at the start which suggests that he will be the main character in this chapter. Charles Dickens uses phrases such as "the streets are silent" to describe the place and time. This builds a mysterious atmosphere. By creating this tension it helps to prepare the reader for the dramatic events that will occur later on in the chapter. A summary of this novel is that Sikes delivers stolen goods to Fagin. That night Fagin and Noah narrate the details of Nancy's journey. Fagin decides not to tell Sikes that Nancy was adamant that her friends don't get into trouble. In anger Sikes dashes home and beat Nancy to death while she begged for forgiveness. ...read more.

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