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Oliver Twist.

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Introduction

H.W 21st of Jan Oliver Twist Charles Dickens wrote the novel 'Oliver Twist' because he wanted to show the aristocracy and the middle class the reality of poverty. Dickens felt it was his service to society by writing this novel. Dickens thought that the reality of poverty greatly needed to be told. Novels before this novel showed criminals in a much nicer way, earlier novels showed them as playful rogues. Charles Dickens wanted to show them as they are: 'To paint them in all their deformity, in all their wretchedness in all the squalid poverty of their lives. One other very important reason dickens wrote this novel was because that he wanted to criticize the poor laws. The Victorian middle classes believed that people were poor because they were sinful and corrupt. Dickens tried to show the middle classes through his novel that this was not at all true. Dickens' opinion was that the poor usually turned to crime because of their circumstances and environment. This story was originally published in a magazine and was rejected by the Victorian middle class at first. ...read more.

Middle

'Hastily depositing in her pocket a green glass bottle, the contents of which she had been tasting in a corner with evident satisfaction'. Being drunk whilst delivering the baby shows how unimportant Oliver is to the nurse. In chapter one Dickens criticizes the medical profession. 'The medical gentleman walked away to dinner' this shows that the doctor can go off to dinner without a care for the starving children. In chapter two Dickens shows corruption. 'And she had a very accurate perception of what was good for herself.' This comment is about the elderly female who looked after the children. The elderly female took a share of the money that was for looking after the children, she was very corrupt. Dickens describes how Oliver would be 'farmed' to another workhouse. This shows the treatment of the children in the workhouses. The word farmed implies they are treated like some kind of farm animal. In chapter two sarcasm is also used to get Dickens' point across, 'Twenty or thirty juvenile offenders against the poor laws rolled about the floor all day, without the inconvenience of too much food or too much clothing'. ...read more.

Conclusion

'With face so distorted and pale, and eyes so bloodshot, that he looked less like a man, than like some hideous phantom, moist from the grave.' Dickens uses personification in this chapter. Dickens makes a very negative picture of Fagin and Sikes. Dickens makes Sikes seem inhuman and cold blooded by the way he describes Fagin treats Nancy. Another way he does this is when he is describing Fagin. 'Fangs as should have been a dogs or rats.' Dickens associates Fagin and criminals with filthy animals. When Fagin is telling Sikes about Nancy he uses repetition to wind Sikes up even more. 'Which she did'. Also when Sikes is about to go off to find Nancy, Fagin says 'You wont be too violent, Bill?'. This is reverse psychology because Fagin knows that this will make Sikes do the opposite and be very violent. When Sikes is about to kill Nancy there is a great amount of melodrama there. Nancy is associated with God and when she is pleading she builds up a lot of sympathy because she is defenceless against Sikes. Dickens wanted to portray the 'unattractive and repulsive truth' of existence for the 'dregs of life' and the poor. Charles Dickens did this very well and has used many ingenious techniques to do this. ...read more.

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