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Oppression as Exemplified in Brave New World and 1984

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Introduction

Oppression as Exemplified in Brave New World and 1984 Huxley Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four "Oppression that cannot be overcome does not give rise to revolt but to submission." This concept can be clearly seen in both Brave New World and 1984, even though the structure of their societies are different. The goal of their respective governments is the same, total control of society. The governments use similar tactics of manipulation, with the purpose of keeping the majority in ignorance and submission. The governments in 1984 and Brave New World weakened their citizens with ignorance and silenced them with fear. In 1984 the proles were considered to be completely without thought, and regarding the actions of the Party they in fact were. The ignorance of the proles allowed them to continue on with their lives without the burden of knowledge of the Party. Those in the Party who had somewhat of an idea of the motives and deception of the higher members were silenced with the fear of death and torture. This enabled the party to prevent a revolt from ever occurring. The people who were caught and subjected to torture were not killed or injured to confess their crimes, instead they were physically, intellectually and emotionally reborn. They loved the Party and more importantly they loved Big Brother. ...read more.

Middle

They are sleep taught the laws and rules of their society, so as to prevent them from ever producing thoughts that differed from those of the government. The children are taught to love the social status in which they are granted. This creates stability for the society as the citizens have no motives to move up the social scale. The inhabitants of Brave New World are indoctrinated, and brainwashed in their sleep. Another form of manipulation, yet much less subtle in both novels, was the formation and distribution of propaganda. In 1984 propaganda was distributed through the use of telescreens in each room and political pamphlets. All members of the Party were required to attend the "Two Minutes Hate," a propaganda film that repeated each day. Every year there was "Hate Week," which was an enormous propaganda event. In Brave New World there were propaganda houses which had vast studies for emotional engineering. These displays of propaganda induced the citizens of Oceania and the State to follow the standards of each ruler. In both novels the traditional family is abolished. Although the reasons for eliminating parenthood are similar, the methods in which it is done are quite distinct. Wanting the citizens to feel as if the state is their family is the main reason for abolishing the family in Brave New World. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Brave New World the classes were just as distinct. The Alphas, Betas, Gamma's, Deltas, and Epsilons were the different levels of intelligence, the were also the social order of castes. Each caste had its own duties that were to be fulfilled. No one in any class wished to change over, a result of hypnopeadia. The classes in 1984 kept most knowledge in the hands of the inner Party and assured that all jobs, that could result in destruction of the party, were confined to elite members. The castes in Brave New World created relative stability for the citizens and allowed the state to stay in control. Submission and control of a society can be easily achieved through the manipulation of its inhabitants. By using a variety of manipulation tactics, the governments in both 1984 and Brave New World were able to obtain and keep control. Both ruling powers played on the ignorance of its people while making sure those with any amount of information were silenced with fear. Both the Party and the State used many means of propaganda to instill lies into the minds of their public. The governments of 1984 and Brave New World also changed the family unit, as it was once known, so that the traditional love for the family would be replaced with new love for the Party, Big Brother, or the State. This was the ultimate goal. The loss of the peoples control as well as the peoples blind devotion for their rulers. ...read more.

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