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pointers for ioc on Act 3 Scene 2 from Macbeth

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Introduction

Act 3 Scene 2 * This scene opens with Lady Macbeth talking to a Servant, inquiring about Banquo, showing her disturbed state of mind and revealing that Banquo haunts the thought of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. * Then she sends the servant to call for King Macbeth * A very formal relation is depicted between the servant and Lady Macbeth, showing that Lady Macbeth has gained power and is the queen. * It is apparent in this scene that the relations between Macbeth and his Lady are being greatly changed. Lady Macbeth, so far, has been the dominant partner and has spurred her husband on to action. * This was earlier seen in Act 1 Scene 7, where Macbeth did not wish to go 'further in this business', connoting to the murder of King Duncan. But Lady Macbeth, with her strong words, influenced Macbeth to go ahead with the murder. She called him a coward and challenged his existence as a 'man', spurring Macbeth on to action. * It becomes clear to Lady Macbeth that the greatness of the position and power, for which they have killed King Duncan, are bitter and unsatisfying when acquired in the way that they have been. ...read more.

Middle

* "of sorriest fancies your companions making" connotes to Macbeth engaging in unhappy thoughts, which are responsible for his troubled state of mind. * Lady Macbeth counsels Macbeth not to spend his time alone worrying about what they have done, because "what's done, is done." * "We have scorch'd the snake, not kill'd it:" has biblical connotations depicted throughout the play. This metaphorical use of language suggests that Macbeth feels that they have gained the throne, but they are not out of danger. He still fears Banquo and his son Fleance, because of the witches had predicted before that Banquo "shalt get kings", meaning that he shall be the father of kings, imposing a threat to Macbeth. Many evil images of snakes are created in the audience's minds through "scorch'd the snake" * Many sleep imageries are created through out through many words like "terrible dreams", "he sleeps well" * Macbeth also says that he envies Duncan, who sleeps peacefully in his grave. * Through these lines: "Come on: Gentle my Lord, sleek o'er your rugged looks, Be bright and jovial among your guests to- night." Lady Macbeth tries to motivate Macbeth, always wanting him to happy. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Dark imageries are also created in "Come seeling night, Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day", which create a sense of evil that pervades much of the play. * Antithesis is the opposition of ideas, words or phrases against each other, and gives force to the play Macbeth, since conflict is the essence of drama. When the murder has brought status but not security, Macbeth makes a sardonic comment on his situation, speaking antithetically: "Better be with the dead, Whom we, to gain our peace, have sent to peace" "Peace" has the two ironically opposite meanings of comfort and death. A further antithesis is in 'gain', implying that something comes towards the speaker, as opposed to 'sent'. * A descriptive antithesis is also portrayed in this scene, when Macbeth evokes a new world of evil the transition from good is strengthened not only by the oppositions of 'good things' with 'black agents' and day versus night, but also opposite meanings of the rhyming words: "Good things of Day begin to droop, and drowse, Whiles Night's black agents to their preys do rouse." 'Begin to droop and drowse' describes the gradual decline of goodness, whereas the sharper single verb 'do rouse' suggests an energetic predator. ...read more.

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