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Priestley's motives behind 'An Inspector Calls'.

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Introduction

J.B. Priestley was born in Bradford, Yorkshire in 1894. His mother sadly died later that year but then his father remarried four years later. He had worked as a schoolmaster. At sixteen Priestley left school wanting to write and he said, "I believed that the world outside classrooms and labs would help me to become a writer." But instead of working for the local newspaper he worked as a 'very junior clerk' in Helm and Company, the local wool firm. Before World War 1, Priestley gained a lot of experience and he was surrounded by "people who read a great deal...and preferred real talk...to social chit-chat" Priestley's father was a socialist, who shared his views with his circle of friends and these were some of the people that Priestley joined in political arguments with. In 1914 he joined the army and nearly got killed by a German shell by exploding just metres away. This experience, as well as many others he had to go through while in the army, had a great influence on his writing from then on and he considered himself very lucky to not have died. He then went on to Cambridge University where he studied Modern History and Political Science but decided it didn't suit him, he left and then went on to marry. ...read more.

Middle

This was when the family and Gerald are talking about him trying to be a part of the family. Then she makes this remark. It makes the audience suspicious and makes them think that there is more to it and that he may have been doing something that he shouldn't have. Other comments from the family were like, "...A girl of her sort." Sheila said this when she was referring to Eva Smith as an unimportant lower class girl. Priestley, being a socialist, didn't like the idea of the class system and wanted all people to be thought of as equals and this seems to one of the main morals of the play. Priestley wanted the play and its messages to cut deep in the audience's consciences, about how they treat other people and how it can lead them into depression and even suicide. Then Mrs Birling, who is just as pompous and as arrogant as her husband, leaves the room with Sheila, while Mr Birling talks with Gerald and Eric. The atmosphere is calm and onstage there is a soft pink light but when the inspector comes into the room, there is a harsh white light instead, as if they are under interrogation and so changes the mood. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is another lesson of Priestley's, it is about how the actions you make can effects other people and can hurt them. Also the lesson is about taking responsibility of your actions. Due to this, he kept on agreeing with Mr. Birling's views about the whole investigation and I think this is because he wanted to gain back respect from the family to mend his engagement with Sheila. This was typical of these times, which you had to impress the parents more than the potential fianc� to get married to them. By this point in the play Priestley has showed a lot of his views. Mr Birling is obsessed with the community and how it is run and this is a reflection on Priestley's father. As he was known be a socialist and to be continually share his views with friends and family. This had a lasting impression on Priestley. The class systems, which socialists were against, are hugely involved in the play and are the main point. This is because Priestley grew up while people were treating the lower classes as dirt and not people. Priestley leaves a bias view about this and is trying to get the audience to think the same as him and almost urges them to start having socialist views. ?? ?? ?? ?? Rachel Marshall An inspector Calls ...read more.

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