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Quarry Bank Mill in Styal differed widely from other textiles mills in the area

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Introduction

3. In what ways did conditions in Styal differ from other mills? Quarry Bank Mill in Styal differed widely from other textiles mills in the area. Samuel Greg, the owner of Quarry Bank Mill, was a reasonable employer. He treated employees well in return for a hard days work. Robert Owen the owner of New Lanark Mill in Scotland was also a fair employer; the conditions were similar to Styal but slightly better. Owen felt strongly about cutting working hours down. Workers were fortunate, at this time in some ways, to work for Greg and Owen and were content with their lives. In Styal an employer's working day lasted for 12 hours. In New Lanark employees worked a 10 hour shift, whilst in mills in the towns such as Manchester and Blackburn a typical working day lasted between 12 and 14 hours. Conditions in Manchester and town mills were poor and workers were unlucky having to work there. In the Cotton Industry most workers earned fixed wages, but spinners were paid piece rates so if any problems did occur such as a drop in trade it would lead to wages being reduced. Women were generally paid less than men. ...read more.

Middle

Houses at Styal and New Lanark were separated by courts and alleys where as in towns they were built back-to-back. As a result of no access to clean water an out break of cholera in towns was caused. At Style and New Lanark each cottage had its own allotment, and every house had its own privy. The town had as many as one hundred people had to share a privy. Many houses were totally undrained, and waste piled up around them. Greg provided his apprentices with an education even though he was under no obligation to at the time. He wanted literate workers as they would be more likely to stay on after their indenture. As adult workers, it would also allow promotion to take place. Both boy and girl apprentices were taught to read, but only the more able boys would have been taught writing and arithmetic. Girls were also taught how to sew. School generally took place on the evenings and on the Sundays. Paper and quill pens were used by older intelligent students, while the younger ones used a box filled with sand which they traced figures and letters, before graduating to slates. Only the boys were able to move up to the intelligent table where quills were used, as Greg was slightly sexist and felt girls didn't need to be as academic as the boys. ...read more.

Conclusion

Owen allowed the trade unions to campaign for better wages. Styal Mill differed to a great extent from the town mills but has lots of similarities to New Lanark, mainly due to them both being sited in rural areas. The mills in the towns had many differences compared to Styal; the biggest diversity was the punishments. At the town mills harsh physical punishments were used as well as corporal, whereas at Style the workers were fined and apprentices sent to the punishment room. The environments also differed considerably, the squalor of the overcrowded towns with polluted air and workers not getting much sunlight really affected the workers making them unhealthy. On the other hand at Style the rural pleasant setting of style helped the workers to stay fit and healthy. Samuel Greg was a fair employer, who treated his employees well, but he did do this to benefit his self; healthy workers resulted in better harder working employees. Robert Owen being the best employer, who cared immensely his workers. The owners of the mills in the towns such as Manchester and Blackburn were the worst; they didn't care about the health or the dangers they were putting their workers in only the money involved, not realizing that a healthier happier workforce could have benefited them. ?? ?? ?? ?? Rebecca Leverett Styal Mill Coursework ...read more.

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