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Question: What features of Arthur Cannon Doyle's a story make them typical of the detective Genre

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Introduction

Question: What features of Arthur Conan Doyle's stories make them typical of the detective Genre? Detective fiction stories are loved by many, the crime; mystery and problem solving appeal to readers, bringing them back for more. Most detective fictions stories begin by setting a scene, then a problem is introduced, then we can see how the detective solves the case. Clues are found by the detective as he begins to solve the case. We can often follow the trails of clues to lead us to the culprit but, there is always a red- herring to hoodwink us at some point. For example in 'The Beryl Coronet' Francis Prosper's 'wooden leg' is a very crafty red herring. When the detective has put the pieces of the puzzle together, he draws a final verdict and reveals the villain. Arthur Conan Doyle's stories always seem to follow this tradition making them typical of the detective genre, and because the plot is predictable to a certain extent it is easier for the reader to engage with the plot. The famous 'Sherlock Holmes' stories were for most people the first of their kind, during the era when flickering gas lamps lit Baker Street. This was where Sherlock Holmes lived; he is the greatest ever fictional detective and was dreamed up by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Holmes was immensely popular with the people of the Victorian era; because he never left a 'stone unturned', when a villain like Jack the Ripper was loose on the streets of London, this gave people the reassurance they needed to feel secure. He was seen as a ray of light, in places like the slums of London where crime was rife, when villains like Jack the Ripper were free to roam the streets because of the inefficient methods used by the police, meaning that villains were not caught soon enough. Although Sherlock Holmes has much strength which makes him a perfect role model for a fine detective, he also has an addiction to opium. ...read more.

Middle

In the' Speckled Band' Helen comes to see Sherlock Holmes in clothes suited for a funeral, a 'veil' covering her face represents mystery and suspense. She is afraid that her sister was killed the night before her wedding day and that she is destined for the same fate. She wants Sherlock Holmes to guide her; she seems very lost, unaware of what to do. 'She.... her face all drawn and grey... was weary and haggard' form this we can tell she has suffered a great peril. Here Doyle's use of adjectives and similes is very effective of creating an image of a woman who is grieving; over a great loss so much that she seems to be ageing in appearance. He compares her to a hunted animal, when it is being hunted by its prey and it is frightened for its life. In most of the 'Sherlock Holmes' stories we learn about the crimes and the events which transpired, when the victims come to visit Sherlock Holmes sharing of their story. In 'The Beryl coronet' Alexander Holder tells Sherlock Holmes about the bureau and Mary who he thinks is the 'Sunbeam in' his household and about his son's 'Debts'. In 'The Speckled Band', we learn about Julia Stoners mysterious death and her last words ''oh, my God Helen! It was the band! .The speckled band!' We also learn about the whistling she would hear at all hours of the night. Victims narrating their stories to the detective are very common in detective fiction, as it is a chance for them to help the detective, by giving him all of the information they know. But the victims in the stories are not the only ones who are able to narrate, because there are multiple narratives. For example in 'The Beryl Coronet', Dr. Watson introduces the story and Alexander Holder gives us a detailed account of the crime. ...read more.

Conclusion

The formula Doyle helped establish for the classic English mystery usually involves several predictable elements: a "closed setting" such as an isolated house or train; sometimes corpse; a small circle of people who are all suspects; and an investigating detective with extraordinary reasoning powers. Edgar Allen Poe was well known for his crime stories in the 19th century and his stories are still popular today. Although he can't really be called the inventor of the detective story he certainly created a kind of detective. Chevalier C Auguste Dupin was his name; he was a brilliant detective quite like Sherlock Holmes in fact. The detective and mystery stories we read and watch on television and in film can often be traced directly to this literary tradition. Contemporary writers continue to reinvent the basic formula so that, over a hundred years since readers met the great Sherlock Holmes, the detective story is more fresh, interesting, and popular than ever. The key to Arthur Cannon Doyle's success include many factors such as, his timing. Doyle let his stories loose in the 19th century where people felt insecure and unsafe; Doyle's captured their hearts by introducing to them an extraordinary detective who could solve all their problems when they needed him the most. Also Doyle's stories were predictable to a certain extent this made his audience feel safe and reassured that the detective would always solve the case unlike the police at that time. Doyle used crafty red-herrings to complicate matters in his stories adding more suspense and keeping his audience at the edge of their seats although the plot would always be predictable. In addition Doyle knew his target audience, so he used sophisticated language and settings and characters which they could easily relate to. This made Doyle stories very suitable to their target audience. Doyle's stories often contain many of these features making them typical of the detective genre. ?? ?? ?? ?? Radia Osman Miss Mubashar English coursework Page 1 of 5 ...read more.

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