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Refer to chapter one of Wuthering Heights and comment on how Emily Brontë introduces her reader to the novel in Chapter one of Wuthering Heights.

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Refer to chapter one of Wuthering Heights and comment on how Emily Bront� introduces her reader to the novel in Chapter one of Wuthering Heights. Consider: The setting and atmosphere, narrative technique, including the use of Lockwood as a narrator compared with later narrators and preparation in the opening for the rest of the novel Emily Bront�'s opening chapter to 'Wuthering Heights' creates intrigue and curiosity. This greatly relies on the atmosphere, narrators and setting Emily Bront� chose to introduce the reader to the different world and people of Wuthering Heights. Emily Bront� starts the opening chapter with a date - 1801, therefore suggesting that this is someone's diary. The diary belongs to Mr Lockwood, who happens to be staying at Thrushcross Grange. Not suprisingly, Lockwood starts his diary off with the word 'I' which sums up Lockwood's egotistical nature. In this new world which makes a distant memory of the civilised society Lockwood comes from, he feels himself to be above those around him, referring to Joseph as ' an old man, very old, perhaps, though hale and sinewy.' From the very onset Emily Bront� introduces Lockwood to us as a very unreliable narrator. He bases all his conclusions on speculations, and his speeches are full of guesswork like ' I conjectured', 'I detected', 'I believe' and 'I suppose'. Some of Lockwood's comments on the house like 'other dogs haunted other recesses', 'a wilderness of crumbling griffins', and referring to the chairs as 'one or two heavy black ones lurking in the shade' are maybe his closest observations that in fact give an indication to what the people in the house are really like. Like the dogs, they each prefer to distance themselves from things that disinterest them. Similarly to the chairs they do not amerce themselves in the full flow of life in terms of Lockwood's society, they prefer the dark which is how Lockwood sees Wuthering Heights. ...read more.


it has not been filtered or watered down as his forceful and plain style cuts down the limitations of the third narration, and helps us to understand him better. Heathcliff's sentences are loose and are continually changing directing and branching off at a tangent, yet at the same time returning to previous ideas and thoughts. This gives Heathcliff's speech a spontaneous feel to it and make the reader receives some of Heathcliff's rush of passion and desperate emotion, making us feel that he does not hold back in expressing himself. Isabella narrates some of the story, though speech with Nelle and a letter. Isabella's language is in contrast to Heathcliff's passionate flow of emotions as her speech always seems to be carefully structured and thought out, though she too speaks with power and feeling. She does not use Heathcliff's sarcasm or Lockwood's pomposity and elevated slant on events or even Nelle's self-righteous judgmental tone. Isabella's rationalised language highlights the severe difference between herself and Heathcliff, plainly that she can't possibly understand his passionate and turbulent irrational nature, which at times seem to have no common sense or purpose to it. Isabella uses romantic imagery to describe Heathcliff, even his worse qualities, which shows that Heathcliff's description of her as 'picturing in me a hero of romance' to be correct: 'Heathcliff's forehead ' was 'shaded with heavy cloud' his 'basilisk eyes'. Therefore we must note that even though Heathcliff prefers to remove himself from human contact he still understands how people's minds work and therefore we constantly see him using this to his advantage. Isabella says 'his lips devoid of their ferocious sneer'; this scornful and mocking trait of Heathcliffs is also picked up by Nelle; 'did she take due warning then asked Heathcliff attempting a sneer' and ' Heathcliff who had raised his eyes at the former speech, gave a sneering laugh'. Therefore Isabella's attention to detail and facial emotions is in the same class as Nelle, and hence we find her portrait of Heathcliff as attentive and sensitive, though obviously biased with her feeling of hatred and anger. ...read more.


therefore it is protected, and the air is 'sweet' and therefore relates to the sense of materialism where nothing is natural or bare. At Wuthering Heights people have to work to live, but the opposite view is presented at Thrushcross Grange where Linton spends his time 'among his books' and young Cathy plays imaginary games. Either house has it's own distinct character which shapes the lives of those living there. The houses are antagonistic towards each other, and their character's extend out as main themes in the book, embodying themselves within people. Wuthering Heights stands for primitive, depth, dark desires and passions while Thrushcross Grange is civilised, shallow and rational. Already on the first page of the book, Emily Bront� creates an atmosphere of isolation from the rest of the world, in Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff's 'walk in' order to Lockwood, through the closed gate that he is leaning on as if to guard it, already expresses the boundary between public and private reality. In a symbolistic approach, when Lockwood steps through the gates he is stepping into another world where peoples' principals are entirely different from Lockwood's pretentious manner. In Wuthering Heights characters and objects are designed to combat the severe weather of the moors. The house itself is 'built strong: with narrow windows' restricting the view out or rather the view in from the world where Lockwood is from. This harsh cold reality is where people are not there to please in looks or manner, but to survive life itself, sets an ominous ambience and sense of dread for the rest of the book. In all, Emily Bront� creates tension and suspense by letting the reader see 'after the storm'. Therefore, as to what produced this miserable house of misfits pricks our curiosity and prepares us for the tragedy about to unfold. There is a sense of inevitability about Heathcliff and Cathy's destiny, which makes witnessing their love all the more painful. For: Mrs Hill By: Chee Date: 9th November 2000 1 1 ...read more.

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