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Representation of evil in Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and William Goldings Lord of the Flies.

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Introduction

Representation of evil in Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and William Goldings Lord of the Flies William Golding's novel "Lord of the flies" and Robert Louis Stevenson's novel "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" both include representations of evil, although they are presented in different forms. The evil in "Dr Jekyll and My Hyde" is the result of a drug that brings out the evil side of Hyde, where as the evil in "Lord of the Flies" is a gradual development due to power struggle and lack of leadership. "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" was set in London when Queen Victoria was upon the throne. At this time London was a dark and gloomy city. Law and order was at an all time low, crime and murder were a regular occurrence. Due to these circumstances detective stories became very popular. Stevenson understood how horribly ugly London was at this time and felt that a place such as this would be the perfect scenario for a horror story. The actual storyline of "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" originated in a dream Stevenson once had. "Lord of the flies" also reflects it's 1950's setting. Golding's writing was influenced by adventure stories such as Treasure Island, which, coincidently, was written by Robert Louis Stevenson. Golding creates a specific image of the boys, from how they behave to the language used, like popular slang at the time. ...read more.

Middle

When Piggy is murdered and the conch destroyed Jack without hesitance claims he is officially chief, disregarding Piggy's atrocious murder. This disturbing reaction breaks the boundary of Jack's humanity, contributing to the sense of evil. Jack quickly adapts to his surroundings but is also influenced by them and soon prefers this new environment new island life, realising he has the ability to dictate. "Who will join my tribe and have fun". He has a strong desire to lead and asserts himself through his powers as a hunter which changes to a lust for killing. Jack abuses his power and freedom from restraints, which is the result of unleashing the evil within him. Roger represents the insensible type of savage killer whose sadistic tendencies are let loose on society (Ralph's group). His appearance isn't a major factor within the novel, his actions however reflect the developing evil within. Piggy's death is a good example of this. "Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever." Golding is showing how the evil has clouded Roger's mind and made him "delirious", unable to control his actions. Both authors have created characters that disregard society and civilisation. Like Hyde, Jack and Roger do not consider their behaviour and actions wrong. This creates an evil about each novel. Incidents of evil occurring in "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" include trampling over a small child and the murder of sir Danvers Carew, which involved being beaten to death by a wooden cain. ...read more.

Conclusion

As he was obviously effected by this unusual investigation, as well as being long time friends with Henry Jekyll. The story is told very personally through his eyes and feelings. The effect of this on the reader is that if Utterson was particularly scared or confused in the story he explains what he was feeling in depth so the reader understands the fear and torment he experienced. "Lord of the flies" is written in the present, not after the event has happened, talking you through the story. The audience is brought into the story, feeling as if they are actually there. The effect of this on the reader is that they experience the story as it is developing so if something confusing happens they share the same confusion as the characters in the story. This is the same when characters are scared, the reader sharing their fear. In conclusion I feel both authors successfully portrayed evil in each novel through characters, scenery, setting, language, time and through different events. Creating an evil side that if made subject to would alter normal civilised behaviour and conduct horrific violence unheard in the time both books were published. The use of evil in "Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" does contrast that of "Lord of the flies". Stevenson believed that everyone had an evil side but most chose to hide it. Golding believed evil was in every person as well, but that it could emerge with out the aid of a drug. If put it the right scenario everyone has the ability to become evil, even innocent children. Michael Wheeler 11U ...read more.

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