• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Review of MCMXIV

Free essay example:

4th form copy of MCMXIV + review by MR law

Those long uneven lines

Standing as patiently

As if they were stretched outside

The Oval or Villa Park,

The crowns of hats, the sun

On moustached archaic faces

Grinning as if it were all

An August Bank Holiday lark;

And the shut shops, the bleached

Established names on the sunblinds,

The farthings and sovereigns,

And dark-clothed children at play

Called after kings and queens,

The tin advertisements

For cocoa and twist, and the pubs

Wide open all day--

And the countryside not caring:

The place names all hazed over

With flowering grasses, and fields

Shadowing Domesday lines

Under wheat's restless silence;

The differently-dressed servants

With tiny rooms in huge houses,

The dust behind limousines;

Never such innocence,

Never before or since,

As changed itself to past

Without a word--the men

Leaving the gardens tidy,

The thousands of marriages,

Lasting a little while longer:

Never such innocence again.

The reality of being written and published in 1960 is poignant in comparison to the vast majority of WWI poetry written in the trenches that include often graphic representations of the reality of warfare, an aspect that Larkin could not have fully related. this so called 'aftermath poem' deals with the effects of war and not with the actualities of war as exhibited by poets such as sassoon and owen.
The "dark clothed children" at face value, is only a reference to the fact that dye was not a very commonly used thing back in the early 1900s, if at all. In fact it was not until the 1940s that dye became a popular thing amongst clothing.
The final line of this poem; 'never such innocence again' refects the pre-war victorian society's romantic views towards death. Before the war young men were encouraged to think of fighting as heroic, reminiscent of greek myths and fairytales. They had no idea about the suffering and trauma that would actually occur. In public schools at the time boys were taught about being 'a good sport' and doing glorious things for your country. I think this is what Larkin is referring to when he says the men were waiting as if outside 'the Oval or Villa Park'. No past experience can actually prepare then for the war but to them it must have seemed like a team effort, trying to win a victory for England as one might in cricket or football. This idea also highlights their innocence and makes this poem very poignant.
the 'moment in time' style of this poem captures how never after such terrible suffering will men be so keen or so unaware as they were in 1914. Larkin leaves this as open-ended. Is this innocence good or bad? it is up to the reader to decide.

The poem records some of the post world war impression from Larkin’s point of view and its effect on the urban and rural life of England. In post world war around 8.5 million men died. It is a symbolic poem on the degeneration of England’s urban and rural life.
Larkin says
‘Those long uneven lines
Standing as patiently
As if they were stretched outside
The Oval or Villa Park’
Means to say that the long uneven lines are of old people are stretched as they are standing outside oval or Villa Park
And comments
‘The sun
On moustached archaic faces
Grinning as if it were all
An August Bank Holiday lark’
The sun is shinning on historical smiling faces and the smile on faces express august bank holiday
Larkin symbolized the emptiness of towns with no men and says
‘And dark-clothed children at play’
Dark color symbolizes death, what Larkin means to say that even the children are mourning
Moving to country side he says
‘The place-names all hazed over
With flowering grasses, and fields
Shadowing Doomsday lines
Under wheat's restless silence’
Here he has symbolized the division of land line with doomsday lines under wheat’s restless silence, and symbolized 6the pathetic condition that
‘The differently-dressed servants
With tiny rooms in huge houses’
And in the end Larkin says that this is a matchless simplicity that thousands of men left their home knowing they wouldn’t be coming back. one cannot imagine such kind of simplicity
‘Never such innocence,
Never before or since’

“MCMXIV,” like many of Philip Larkin’s poems, is a meditation. This poetic form, modeled on John Donne’s prose Meditations, begins with a description of an object, a place, or an event. The description leads directly into a response or a consideration of the issues, problems, and complexities suggested by the object; this consideration then leads to a conclusion or resolution. In “MCMXIV” the object is a 1914 photograph of British volunteers lined up in front of an army recruiting office after England entered World War I. By extension the poem...

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE War Poetry section.

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Related GCSE English Skills and Knowledge Essays

See our best essays

Related GCSE War Poetry essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "Ambulances" by Philip Larkin.

    5 star(s)

    picked up by an ambulance, you are still not safe and death could be just around the corner. An important feature of the second stanza is that of contrast. The setting in this first half of the stanza is the activities of living people: "children strewn on steps or road" and "women coming from shops past smell of different dinners".

  2. City Johannesburg - review

    'My death, That is so related to me as a wink in the eye' The quote 'the wink in the eye comes across as being emotive because it enables is readers to realise that his death could be as quick as a wink of the eye.

  1. Comparison of Owen and Sassoon

    The boy looks forward to his day even though he slept through the "lonesome dark". It is not until the second stanza, however that this illusion is crushed when Sassoon takes us to the harsh reality of the trenches. In contrast Owen begins Dulce et Decorum immediately with the imagery

  2. Teachings of WWI through poems

    - losing your sight?... There's such splendid work for the blind'. These lines create the same emotions as before. The repetition of the question forces people to think about what terrible injuries that soldiers had to suffer. This poem has a very good rhythm and it is repeated in all the stanzas.

  1. The changing tradition of war poetry

    These quotes help the reader imagine the conditions. It says that he had lost all of his blood and that's why the veins ran dry. In the 4th stanza irony is used." One time he liked blood - smear down his leg". This is ironic because he doesn't have a leg and lets the reader know how the conditions are like.


    of the kind that will always fit everybody's experience; it is the humor of Lichtenberg's line which Freud chose as one of his examples of verbal wit, (9) a way of depicting that erases as quickly as it describes: a knife without a handle with the blade missing.

  1. Quarry Bank Mill in Styal differed widely from other textiles mills in the area

    The fine was 8d per day plus expenses, any money spent on their location and return. The apprentices were also sent to the punishment room. Greg didn't believe in physical punishment, as the children would not be able to sleep, eat, walk, see or work the next day.

  2. Discuss the idea of innocence and experience in Mansfield's work

    Laura's family - the Sheridan's, is of the upper classes. The imagery of roses suggests how wealthy they are, "literally hundreds". The protagonist Laura is portrayed as an artistic young women who is established as a na�ve, adolescent character "stammered like a little girl".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work